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Skyfire Garden Seeds 2014 Online now!

Heirloom Vegetable Seeds,

Flower & Herb Seeds

for the Home Gardener

Just in!! We are happy to have this melon back in 2014!
Collective Farm Woman:
80-85 days. This heirloom has rapidly gained popularity since its introduction to the USA in 1993 by Seed Savers Exchange. This old Ukrainian variety has very sweet, fragrant, pale-yellow flesh and grows to 7-10 inches. 25 seeds

The 2014 PDF catalogs are posted now.

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Contact me with questions or requests. We love hearing from gardeners.
We appreciate your past business and hope you will continue with us in the future.
Have a great garden in 2014!

Price: All seed prices will remain at only $2.00 per packet.

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3. offering a few fun, rare seeds.
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Planting instructions: All seed packets include specific planting instructions, with information on depth to plant and planting dates relative to expected frost dates. SSE members, to see photos of a few of the vegetables I grew from the seeds you have been carefully preserving, Click here
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Books about Vegetables and Gardening
Gardening with Heirloom Seeds: Tried-and-True Flowers, Fruits, and Vegetables for a New Generation
For sale at UNC Press.

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Skyfire Garden Seeds 2014 Catalog
Thanks for viewing my heirloom seeds.


Price: All seeds are $2.00 per packet.

Catalog Table of Contents:
Super-fast navigation! The entire catalog is on this single page, so you can view it rapidly. Either scroll down, or click the links below to be taken straight to the corresponding section.

Asperagus | Beans (dry, snap, wax, lima, runner, soy/edamame) | Beets | Broccoli | Cabbage | Carrots | Cauliflower | Chard | Corn | Cover Crop | Cowpeas/Black-eyed Peas | Cucumbers | Eggplant | Greens | Flowers | Herbs (culinary) | Kale | Kohlrabi | Lettuce | Melons | Mustard | Okra | Onions | Ornamentals (not for flowers) | Peas | Peppers (hot chiles and sweet peppers) | Pumpkins | Radishes | Sorghum | Spinach | Squash (summer and winter) | Tomatoes | Turnips | Watermelon

A few notes about the catalog

Money Back guarantee: All seeds meet or exceed USDA germination standards. Sometimes conditions during shipping can damage seeds (for example, overheating). If seeds don't germinate this year, we will refund or replace seed.

Terms of sale: All seeds are sold for planting or preservation purposes only. Do not eat seeds or use for sprouts. Liability is strictly limited to replacement of seed or return of the purchase price of the seed. Seed is guaranteed for germination in the year of purchase only. By ordering seed, the buyer acknowledges this warranty.

A note about the asterisks: The asterisks(*) preceding names of packets mean that they are mixes of several interesting, and often colorful, varieties of vegetables.

All America Selections (AAS): All America Selections are noted in the descriptions as AAS winners. I try to sell open-pollinated winners, as they have been proven excellent producers in a wide variety of climates.

Organic Seed: The seeds grown organically are indicated right after the name of the variety. If we grow them (in Kansas), organic methods are used, but we did not pay for certification. Some seeds are ordered from certified growers. These are labeled organic and do not state "grown in KS."

No Treated Seed: We do NOT sell any treated seed.

Heirlooms and open-pollinated varieties: (Preserving genetic diversity) There are two definitions of heirloom vegetables. One is any variety that is over 50 to 60 years old. The other includes any variety that was developed and/or preserved for a number of years by home gardeners or small farmers rather than seed companies. We carry both types. All heirlooms are open-pollinated , which means that insects or wind distributes pollen to plants.

For at least 10,000 years people have been saving seeds of vegetables that had some advantage over the wild types: good taste, high production, beauty, ease of growing or preparation, better adapted to a specific climate, disease resistance or some other trait they loved. Now that big companies are consolidating, it is more profitable to offer fewer varieties, so many vegetable varieties are dying out, that is, going extinct. Many gardeners volunteer considerable time to preserve this diversity, because that is where strength lies in terms of adapting to new pests, diseases or weather conditions. (One reason I sell mixes of seeds is that they provide genetic diversity so that if one variety doesn't do well in your garden's mini-ecosystem, another may.) Seed Savers Exchange's Garden Seed Inventory tracks the number of varieties of open-pollinated vegetable seeds sold by companies from 1984 to 2004. In just that 20 years, 64% of smap beans were no longer sold, 59% of red tomatoes were gone, 55% of sweet corn, 61% of carrots and on and on.

For a detailed explanation of what heirloom and open-pollinated vegetables are, visit a great site:
The Heirloom Vegetable Gardener's Assistant Open site in a new window

Seed quantities: If the quantity is given by weight, the average number of seeds per ounce or gram is listed with the note at the top of the heading for the species. Most packets will have more than enough seeds for the average home garden. If the seed is very expensive, I put fewer seeds in a packet, so you don't have to pay higher prices to try a special seed.

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Asperagus

Argenteuil Asperagus: A French heirloom gourmet variety that dates to the 1700s, this asperagus is early and has large spears. Slightly purple blush on green spears. Suitable for blanching. Can harvest in 2 years. 120 seeds

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Beans

Note that more of our beans are organically grown this year.
Click links to different types of beans or page down to browse selections:
  • Bush Dry Beans
  • Bush Snap Beans
  • Bush Wax Beans
  • Bush Lima Beans
  • Pole Lima Beans
  • Pole Beans, Dry
  • Pole Beans, Snap and Wax
  • Runner Beans
  • Soy Beans (Edamame)
  • A note about beans: Beans planted in cold soil will rot, so don't put them in too early. Optimum soil temperature is 60-85 degrees. For best flavor, pick snap beans when young, much thinner than the ones you see in the supermarket! You may be surprised how much better green beans taste when picked young. If you should get busy and forget to pick them until the pods get very fat and you can clearly see the shape of the seeds inside the green pods, you have delicious shell beans. Just take off the pods and steam them until tender. Varieties that are bred specially for shell beans are indicated in the description.
    85-110 seeds/ounce of bean seed
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    Bush Dry Beans

    Beans usually have 85-110 seeds/ounce. All of the snap and wax beans in the catalog make good dry (soup) beans, too.

    Anasazi (organic): 90-95 days. May have been originally grown by the Anasazi cliff dwellers of the American Southwest, this beautiful maroon and white bean is popular for soup, Mexican dishes or baked beans. Heirloom similar to Jacob's Cattle beans. They cook up faster than most beans. Always tender with good flavor. 1.5 ounces

    Black Turtle Beans (organic): 85-105 days. Popular heirloom developed before 1806, first sold in US in 1832. Will stand very hot weather. More flavorful than pinto beans. Try this in Mexican dishes or as a heathy meat substitute for a tasty vegetarian spaghetti sauce ( drain them before adding to your favorite sauce recipe). Might need warmer soil than most beans to germinate. Rich flavor. If picked very young and thin, they make good snap beans. 1.5 ounces

    RECIPE: Mexican beans Soak 1 cup dry beans overnight. Drain. Add 3 cups water, 1 clove garlic, 3/4 tsp dried epazote (or 2 tsp fresh), 1 bay leaf & 1/2 tsp salt. Simmer 1 1/2 to 2 hours until beans are soft. Serve with rice or tortillas, salsa and a vegetable. Epazote is sold in the herb section.


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    Bush Snap Beans, or Green Beans (the Wax Beans in the next section are also for eating as snap-type beans.)

    All of the snap and wax beans in the catalog make good dry beans, too, so if your beans stay out in the garden too long and the pods mature and dry, you can still eat them in soup. No waste!

    Beans usually have 85-110 seeds/ounce.

    *Colorful Bush Snap Bean Mix: 45-60 days. A mixture of green, purple and yellow (wax) beans for eating fresh or canned. Have a colorful garden without having to buy more seed than you need. 1.5 ounce

    Contender Beans / Buff Valentine Beans (organic this year!): 40-55 days. Heat-tolerant plant grows 12-20 inches tall with 6-8 inch, dark green, stringless beans. Disease resistant, popular variety. Developed in 1949. These will also make good dry beans for soup, refried beans, baked beans, etc. 1.5 ounces

    Royal Burgundy Beans / Purple Queen Beans (organic this year!): 50-60 days. Stringless 5-6 inch purple pods are much easier to find in the foliage than green beans. Snap beans turn green when cooked. High yields and resists bean beetles. Good as dry soup bean, too. 1.5 ounce

    Tendergreen Beans (organic this year!): 45-56 days. AAS winner in 1933, it is a dependable, flavorful heirloom. The 5.5-7 inch pods are medium green and good fresh or canned. These will also make good dry beans for soup, baked beans, etc. 1.5 ounces


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    Bush Wax Beans (Use just like snap beans.)

    Beans usually have 85-110 seeds/ounce.

    Dragon's Tongue Beans / Dragon Langerie Beans / Merveille de Piemonte Beans / Horticultural Wax Beans: 55-60 days. This Dutch heirloom has 6-8 inch flat pods that are pale green/yellow with purple stripes. Can be eaten as snap or shelly bean or as a rich-flavored dry bean for delicious soups, refried or baked beans. Stripes disappear when the snap bean is cooked. 1.5 ounce

    Golden Wax Beans, Improved / Topnotch Strain: (organic in 2014) 50-52 days. This hardy, compact, disease resistant plant bears creamy yellow, straight 4-6 inch pods. Use fresh, canned or frozen. Also makes an excellent dry bean. Very productive. 1.5 ounces, approx. 125 seeds


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    Bush Lima Beans, also called Butterbeans or Butter Beans when used dry

    Fordhook 242 / Mammoth Wonder Lima Beans / Potato Lima Beans: 70-85 days. This AAS winner from 1945 is still the most popular bush lima as it has some drought and heat tolerance. Plants grow 16-20 inches. Fat ivory seeds. Easy to grow. 50 seeds

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    Pole Lima Beans, also called Butterbeans or Butter Beans when used dry

    Christmas Lima Beans / Large Speckled Calico / Giant Butter Beans: 75-100 days. Eat as a lima or a delicious soup bean. Prolific vines climb 9-10 feet. Large white seeds with maroon spots have a rich flavor. Bears well in very hot weather. Pretty enough to use in seed mosaic crafts. 40 seeds

    King of the Garden / Henderson's Leviathan / Large White Lima: 85-95 days. Heirloom from 1883 and still popular. Vines are 8-10 feet long, but can be grown on a 5' fence. Large white lima beans. Very productive. 50 seeds

    *Pole Lima Mix A mix of Christmas (red and white striped) and King of the Garden (White) pole limas. Taller than 5 feet but can be grown on a 5 foot fence. Use as lima or butterbeans. 40 seeds

    Willow Leaf Lima Bean: A "baby lima" type. 85 days to dry stage (butterbeans). Heirloom. Vines 6-10 ft tall, but will grow well on a 5 foot fence and spread out on top. Very productive with small white seeds. Introduced in 1891 by Burpee. Some drought and heat tolerance. They do well here in our 90 degree plus summers. I love them as dried beans (butterbeans) in soup, but they can be eaten as green limas though they are a bit small, but baby limas cook faster. 30 seeds


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    Dry Pole Beans

    Sorry--none this year.


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    Snap Pole Beans, or Pole Green Beans and Pole Wax Beans

    Beans usually have 85-110 seeds/ounce.

    *Colorful Pole Snap Bean Mix: A mixture of green, purple and speckled snap and yellow wax pole beans. Pole beans are usually more productive than bush beans, but you do need to provide support for them to climb on. 1.5 ounce

    Kentucky Wonder Green Bean, BS (brown seeded) / Old Homestead Brown Seeded Beans: 58-72 days. This high-yielding heirloom snap bean was introduced before 1864 and is still very popular. The 7-10 inch green pods grow in clusters. 1.5 ounces

    Purple Pod Beans / Purple Peacock Beans: 65-70 days. Pretty purple pods make this bean easy to see when picking. High-yielding heirloom from the Ozarks of Arkansas. 1.5 ounces

    Rattlesnake Beans / Preacher Beans: View photo
    60-90 days. Pretty dark green pods are streaked with purple. Good drought resistance. The vines grow up to 10 feet tall, but will grow just fine on a 5 foot fence. Does not do as well in the North, but grows fine in Kansas. Purple streaks make them easier to see when picking. Purple streaks disappear when cooked. 1.5 ounce

    Yellow Kentucky Wonder Wax Bean / Golden Podded Climbing Wax Bean: 65-70 days. Heirloom. Beautiful long yellow beans are almost stringless, prolific in milder climates. Everbearing. Pods are slightly flattened. 1.5 ounces



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    Runner Beans / Scarlet Runner Beans

    Runner beans need warm soil (70-80 degrees) to germinate. They don't like dry soil or extremely hot weather. Plant about 1 inch deep and 6-9 inches apart near a trellis or other support. In warm climates, Los Angeles for example, some varieties might die back in winter and come back in spring.

    Scarlet Runner Beans: 60-90 days. Prolific and very ornamental. Showy red flowers on 8-10 foot vines can be grown on a 5 foot fence. This heirloom was supposed to have been a ceremonial bean for Native Americans of the Southwest. Eat young pods like snap beans or as large shell beans when mature but still green. The red flowers may attract hummingbirds. 20 seeds.


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    Soy Beans

    Edamame Soy Beans, Be-Sweet 2001 (Vegetable Soybeans): Edamame beans are all the rage these days. "New" to the West, they have been enjoyed in Asia for 3000 years. This Japanese treat can be eaten in the shell stage (mature but with a green pod) or as dried beans. High yields of yellow beans. Just as easy to grow as bush snap beans. To eat, just boil the green pods about 5 minutes and pop out the beans. It's finger food! Eat as a snack with salt or use in salads or soups like any shell bean. 1 ounce

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    Beets

    All beets can be used for both greens and roots.

    RECIPE: Vampiro (Beet/Carrot Juice Plus) Use a juicer to get the juice from two carrots and one beet. Squeeze the juice from one to two oranges. Remove seeds. Mix and drink. Makes one tall glass.

    *Colorful beet mix: Nice mixture of red and golden beets. 200 seeds

    Bull's Blood Beet (organic): 60 days to roots; 35 days for baby greens. The tops are a very pretty dark purple-red with excellent flavor. Looks lovely in the garden and in your salads. 100 seeds

    Chiogga Beet / Candystripe Beet / Dulce de Chioggia Beet / Bassano Beet: View photo
    55-65 days. Pretty red and white circle pattern when sliced. Pre 1840 heirloom from Italy is good for mild-flavored greens or beets. 200 seeds

    Cylindra/Formanova/Butter Slicer: 45-80 days. Long, smooth, red beet is popular because is makes uniform 1.5 to 2 inch slices. If left whole, it cooks faster than round beets, but has the same great taste. Nice Danish variety. Heirloom introduced in USA in 1892. 300 seeds

    Detroit Dark Red Beet: 45-70 days. The most popular beet for home gardens, with blood-red 2.5-3 inch roots. Heirloom from 1892. Good keeper. Excellent flavor. 350 seeds

    Detroit Golden Beet / Yellow Detroit Beet: View photo
    50-55 days. Pretty round gold-yellow roots are best when young. Nice sweet flavor. Greens are good, too. 125 seeds

    Ruby Queen Beet: 45-70 days. This dark red, round beet was an AAS winner in 1957. Green tops are tinged with maroon. Holds its shape even if crowded and does well on poor soils. 350 seeds


    Black-eyed Peas, see Cowpeas/Southern peas

    See Cowpea/Southern peas


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    Broccoli

    Waltham Broccoli / Early Green Waltham Broccoli: 60-95 days. The most popular broccoli, it was introduced in 1951. Can stand dry spells and fall cold. Dark green wuth medium-size heads and lots of side shoots for prolonged harvest. 300 seeds

    Broccoli Raab / Spring Rabini: 60 days. A delicious broccoli-like vegetable that produces several small heads per plant. Try it steamed briefly and eaten in salads. Also produces nutritious early spring greens. This variety is fairly fast maturing and likes cool weather. 300 seeds

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    Cabbage

    *Colorful Cabbage Mix: A mix of Red Acre and two or three of the others in the catalog to give you different colors and different maturities, to ensure a longer harvest. Also delicious as baby greens. Chinese cabbage must be planted at different times, so it is not in the mix. 300 seeds

    Chinese Michihili Cabbage or Michihli Chinese Cabbage: 75 days. Mainly used for salads, but may be cooked. Loose head is 20 inches tall and tapered. Tender, crisp, sweet. Plant any time for baby greens or plant either early or in mid summer for heads. Great in Asian dishes. 300 seeds

    Danish Ballhead Cabbage / True Hollander Cabbage / Pennstate Cabbage: 85-110 days. Very popular heirloom introduced in 1887. The round, bluish-green, 5-7 pound heads do well in the North and were bred for excellent storage capability. This dependable all-purpose cabbage resists splitting. Excellent choice for making your own sauerkraut. 300 seeds

    Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage / True American Cabbage: 60-75 days. Very popular heirloom was introduced in about 1840. Conical heads are about 5-7 inches in diameter and 10-15 inches tall. Will over-winter in some areas. 300 seeds

    Pak Choi: The classic white stemmed cabbage for Asian cooking or baby greens. Does not form heads, but has a long stem and round leaf. If you want baby greens, they will be ready within 30 days, with full sized plants at 65 days. Cool weather plant. 300 seeds

    Red Acre Cabbage / Resistant Red Acre Cabbage: 75-100 days. Compact purple-red heads are just the right size for a small family. Stores well. One of the most popular red cabbages. 300 seeds

    Savoy Perfection: 90-95 days to mature heads. Our favorite for salads and stir-fried vegetables. Nice dark leaves pack a lot of nutrition and the crinkled leaves look pretty in the garden. Good mature or as baby greens. Have cold weather? The flavor improves with frost. 300 seeds

    Simple Savoy Coleslaw: Chop as fine as you would like. Mix cream with a little honey, about 1 teaspoons honey to 3 tablespoons cream. Mix with cabbage and serve.

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    Carrots

    View photo of carrot flower

    A Note about carrots: Carrots originated in Afghanistan. Carrots usually need sandy or soft soil, but a few of the shorter varieties will tolerate some heavy soil. Check the descriptions.
    600-750 seeds/gram

    RECIPE: Colorful carrot salad Shred 3/4 cup each: orange, white and yellow carrots. Add 1 tsp lemon juice, 1/8 tsp nutmeg, 1/2 cup dried sweetened cranberries, & 1 cup sour cream, yogurt or mayo. Mix. Optional: 1 tsp sherry and/or 1 tbsp honey.

    *Colorful Carrot Mix: A mix of orange, white, purple, red-orange and yellow carrots to liven up your menu. Fun for kids. 2 grams

    Amarillo (Yellow) Carrots: Sorry, it just isn't economical to offer these separately, but they are in the mix above so please consider buying the Colorful Carrot Mix. Thanks.

    Atomic Red Carrot: Sorry, it just isn't economical to offer these separately, but they are in the mix above so please consider buying the Colorful Carrot Mix. Thanks.

    Brilliance Carrot: Very high beta-carotene content makes these carrots deep red/orange. Nantes type, coreless. 2 gram

    Chantenay Carrot: 69-72 days. Deep-orange stump-rooted variety is a 5-6 inch all-purpose carrot that keeps well. Heavy yields. 4 gram

    Cosmic Purple Carrot (organic): New for 2009. Fun new carrot, purple skin with yellow-orange core. Sweet, spicy flavor, 8 inches long. 1 gram

    Danvers Carrot: 65-75 days. Heat tolerant, deep orange carrot 7-7.5 inches long, grows in most soils. Eat fresh, frozen or canned. Dependable standard for the home gardener. 4 grams

    Kuroda Carrot: Oriental variety does well in many types of soil. Sweet, makes good juice. Should tolerate some heat. 4 grams

    Little Finger Carrot: 50-68 days. Also called Lady Finger, this French variety was bred for gourmet baby carrots. Harvest when about the size of your index finger. Eat fresh, canned or pickled. 4 grams

    Nantes Carrot / Scarlet Nantes / Early Coreless Carrot: 62-70 days. This bright orange 6-7 inch carrot is a good keeper. It is good for home gardens because it can be left in the ground until fall. Eat fresh or frozen. 4 grams

    Parisian Carrot / Parisienne Carrot: A gourmet baby carrot. These round European heirloom baby carrots are orange and very sweet. Harvest at 1 to 1 1/2 inches. Small carrots are good for heavy soil or growing in containers. From 19th century Paris. 1 gram

    Snow White Carrot: Sorry, it just isn't economical to offer these separately, but they are in the mix above so please consider buying the Colorful Carrot Mix. Thanks.

    Tendersweet Carrot / Imperator 58 Carrot: 70-80 days. Also called Imperator 58. Deep orange carrot, 8-10 inches long. Stems have a purple tint. Very sweet. Good for freezing. 4 grams

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    Cauliflower

    *Colorful Cauliflower Mix: A mix of white and violet cauliflowers. These will make pretty salads and hopefully mature at different rates to extend your harvest. 300 seeds

    All Year Round Cauliflower: 70 days. Ideal for home gardens as it will keep in the garden for a long time. Sow several times for an even longer season. Freezes well. 400 seeds

    Violetta Italia Cauliflower: 85 days. Very pretty plant is easy to grow. The flavor is a little like broccoli. Purple heads will turn pale green on cooking. 200 seeds

    Chard, see Swiss Chard (Click here for Swiss Chard)

    Collards

    Georgia Collards / Georgia Southern Collards: Heirloom developed before 1880. Tolerates heat and poor soil. Light frosts improve the cabbage-like flavor. One of the most popular varieties among home gardeners. 1500 seeds

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    Corn

    A note about corn: Corn does not tolerate cold soil. If planted too early, it will rot. Consult your county extension agent or a good gardening book for the correct date in your area. Corn usually has 100-170 seeds/ounce. Popcorn has small seeds and will be at the high end, while sweet and dent corns will be at the low end. The number of ounces per variety is usually listed at the end of the descriptions.

    A note about corn meal and flour: Corn flour is just ground finer than corn meal. All types of corn (except sweet corn) can be used for corn flour and often corn meal when fully mature and dry. The flour corns are softer and easier to grind. You will need an electric mill to make good corn flour from dent or flint corn. Corn flour can be used as a substitute for wheat flour in many bread, cake and pancake recipes. It will not work in yeast bread recipes and might not work for angel food cake. It is great in carrot or zucchini cakes and breads. I haven't found a quick bread recipe that didn't turn out just as well with corn flour as with wheat. If someone in your family is allergic to wheat and not to corn, it might be fun to grow one of these corns.

    A note on Ornamental Corns: Dried ears of corn make great fall decorations. I think all corns are beautiful, but Hopi Blue, Bloody Butcher and Strawberry are very nice. One of the most popular ornamental corns is simply called "Indian Ornamental" in the Flint Corn section below. If you want a mix nice of colors for fall decorations, try Indian Ornamental corn.

    Sorry, I have no Broomcorn in 2014. It is too expensive.

    Click links to different types of corns or page down to browse selections:
  • Dent Corns
  • Flint Corns
  • Flour Corns
  • Sweet Corns
  • Popcorn



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    Dent Corns aka Field Corn (Used for corn bread, roasting ears and ornamentals)

    These corns usually have 100-130 seeds/ounce.

    RECIPE: Sweet Hot Corn Bread 2 C corn flour (or half corn meal), 2 tsp baking powder, 1 tsp salt, 1/4-1/3 C sugar. Mix. Add 2 Tbsp oil, 2 eggs, 1 C milk and finely chopped mild to medium hot peppers to taste. Bake in greased pan at 350.

    Bloody Butcher Corn: 100-120 days. Versatile heirloom can be eaten very young (like sweet corn) or used for cornmeal. This heirloom has been around since 1845 and is famous for its height (10-12 feet), beautiful red ears and fine flavor. 1.5 ounce

    Pencil Cobb Corn: View photo
    76-110 days. This is a fun one! Unusual ears have a pencil-thin cob. This is an old Shoepeg-type corn and should be sweet. It is very heat and drought tolerant. It is much easier to take off the cob than other dried corns. I do not know if this is the exact same variety I have offered before, but the suppliers says it grows to 7 feet tall. The seed I offered previously grew 8 foot plants in Kansas and 13 foot plants in Iowa. (There is something about Iowa that corn seems to like.) The fragrance of corn bread made with this variety is something you should not miss. 2 ounces

    Silvermine: 100-110 days. Heirloom creamy white roasting corn developed in Sibly, Ill. in 1890s by JA Beagley. High yield of 11-12 inch ears, resists worm damage and does well on poor soils. Very popular. 2 ounces

    Tennessee Red Cobb Corn (organic): 100-120 days. Pre-1900 heirloom roasting corn. Dependable variety that is getting very hard to find. Many folks prefer the old roasting corns because they tend to have more flavor than the hybrids and less sugar. 1.0 ounce

    RECIPE: Roasted or Grilled Corn: Have the coals ready in grill or heat oven to 400. Remove silk but not husks from ears of sweet or dent corn (at milk stage). Soak in water a minute or two. Drain. Cook 15-25 minutes. Remove husk and serve with butter and salt.

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    Flint Corns (Used for flour and as ornamentals)

    These corns usually have 110-130 seeds/ounce.

    Indian Ornamental Corn: 110 days. Classic large ears for fall decorations, but makes great corn flour, too. Many different colors on each ear. Great for crafts and corn breads. It makes the best pancakes I have ever had. Flour is a pretty light beige color. 2 ounces

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    Flour Corns (All corns except sweet corn make good flour, but these are specifically bred for flour.)

    These corns usually have 110-130 seeds/ounce.

    RECIPE: Atole (hot Mexican milk beverage) Mix 1/2 C masa or corn flour (made from dent, flint or flour corn) & 2 1/2 cups milk. Heat slowly, stirring often, until thick. Add 1/4 C brown sugar & 1/2 cup finely chopped pecans or walnuts. If too thick, add more milk. Tastes a little like cream of wheat. This is a wonderful drink on a cold winter day. It can be made with any dry corn flour.

    Hopi Blue Corn: 75-110 days. Ancient corn was a staple of the Hopi Indians in Arizona. Beautiful dark blue kernels grind into a light blue flour that can be used most baking other than yeast breads. Flour will be pale bluish color, but mixed with orange juice (for polenta or orange sweet bread) it turns a pretty pink. Stalks are 5 feet tall with 8 inch ears. 2 ounce


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    Sweet Corns

    These corns usually have 100-130 seeds/ounce.

    RECIPE: Corn Bread Casserole Mix 1 1/2 C corn flour (not corn meal), 1 tsp baking powder, 1 tsp salt. Stir in 1 C sweet corn (cooked or raw), 1 chopped bell pepper, 1/2 onion (chopped). Add 4 eggs, 1/4 C oil, 3/4 c milk. Mix. Pour into greased pan, top with 1 C shredded cheese (any kind) & bake at 350 until a knife comes out clean.

    Country Gentleman Sweet Corn / Shoe Peg sweet corn: 83-100 days. White sweet corn. Popular heirloom introduced in 1890. It grows 7-8 feet tall and has 7-8 inch ears with kernels in random pattern rather than rows. 2 ounce

    Golden Bantam Sweet Corn: 70-85 days. Introduced by Burpee in 1902, and this heirloom is still popular with home gardeners. High yields on stalks 5-6 feet tall. Old-fashioned flavorful yellow sweet corn. 2 ounce

    Stowell's Evergreen Sweet Corn: 80-100 days. Heirloom with 9 inch white ears that won't ripen all at the same time, so home gardeners won't be swamped all at once. Two to 3 ears on 8-10 foot stalk. Nathan Stowell introduced this in 1848. 2 ounce


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    Popcorn

    Lady Fingers Amish Popcorn: Popular heirloom with deep yellow kernels, occasionally with other colors. Make delicious, tender popcorn or lovely fall decorations. Ears are 6-7" long on short plants so they are good for small gardens or windy areas. 1.5 ounces (at least 130 seeds)

    Strawberry Popcorn: The beautiful deep red kernels make it a favorite ornamental for wreaths and cornucopias or other fall decorations. Of course, you could also pop it and sit back and watch your favorite movie. Pops white. 1.5 ounces (over 140 seeds)

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    Cover Crop

    Alfalfa: This can be to find in small-garden quantities. Very popular cover crop, this drought tolerant legume puts nitrogen in your soil. Needs warm weather to germinate and can over-winter. Till under for "green manure" fertilizer the next spring. Sold for planting only; do not eat or sprout for eating. 5000 seeds

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    Cowpeas, also called Southern Peas, Black-Eyed Peas, or Crowder Peas

    RECIPE: BBQ Black-eyed Peas In a saucepan, mix: 8 oz. black-eyed peas, 3/4 C brown rice, 3/4 C chopped onions, 1 tsp salt, 1/4 tsp pepper and 2 C water. Simmer for 20 minutes. Add 1 C sliced or coarsely chopped carrots. Simmer for 15 minutes more, checking water so it doesn't boil totally dry. When rice and peas are tender, add 2/3 C BBQ sauce (use your favorite brand or recipe). Heat a little. Optional: sprinkle with crumbled bacon. Can serve as a side dish or as a main dish accompanied by a salad.

    Cowpeas: Pink Eye Purple Hull, or Purple Hull Pinkeye, now in stock! Red Ripper are out of stock for the season. This one has pale beige/cream peas with dark brownish eyes. Heavy yielding and good for improving soil (by fixing nitrogen). Popular type. Minimum 90 seeds

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    Cucumbers

    RECIPE: Cucumber salad Peel and shred one large cucumber. Add 1/4 cup golden raisins, 2 tbsp chopped chives, 2 tbsp fresh dill (or 1 tsp dry), 1 cup yogurt or sour cream. Salt and pepper are optional. Decorate with edible flowers.

    *Pickles Mix: A mix of several of the pickling cucumbers in the catalog. Pickling cucs can be used raw in salads when about the size of a medium-large dill pickle. My grandmother preferred this size to mature cucumbers for her salads. 40 seeds

    *Slicing Cuke Mix: A mix of several of the slicing cucumbers in the catalog. 40 seeds

    Boston Pickling Cucumber Improved: 50-55 days. Improved version of a pickling cucumber that has been around since the 1880s. High yields. 100 seeds

    Delikatesse Cucumber: 60 days. Superior taste. Use for slicing or pickles. This German variety has light green 10 inch fruits. 100 seeds

    Homemade Pickles Cucumber: 55-60 days. Bush plants are great for small garden. Harvest at from 1.5 to 6 inches, for baby or regular pickles. Good disease resistance. 100 seeds

    Lemon Cucumber: 58-70 days. Also called Crystal Apple Cucumber. This drought tolerant cucumber is lemon-colored and lemon-sized when ripe. Good sliced or pickled. Very popular and a fun shape for salads. 100 seeds

    Marketer Cucumber / Early Green Cucumber / Long Marketer: 60-70 days. Smooth, dark green 8-9 inches; AAS winner from 1943 can take more heat than other cucumbers, so you harvest fruit over a longer period. Prolific but becoming rare. 100 seeds

    Marketmore 76 Cucumber (organic): 58-76 days. Very popular slicing cucumber for cooler climates, but does well in heat, too. Dark green cucumbers 8-9 inches long with mild, sweet flavor. 50 seeds

    Muncher Burpless: 60 days. Used for slicing at around 9 inches or piclking when smaller. Very small spines. Considered burpless. Never bitter or tough. 50 seeds

    Rhinish Pickle Cucumber: Medium-sized fruit for slicing or pickling. Somewhat early, for temperate climates. European variety. 100 seeds

    Straight 8 Cucumber: 52-75 days. AAS winner in 1935. Excellent taste and tolerant to mosaic. Early and prolific producer of straight cucumbers about 8 inches long. 100 seeds

    Sumter Cucumber: 55-60 days. Medium sized salad cucumber for North or South. Good disease resistance. 50 seeds

    Suyo Long Cucumber (organic): Wonderful Asian cucumber has a little different taste than other kinds. Heirloom Chinese variety. Ribbed shape makes pretty slices. Spines wipe off easily. Heat resistant. 30 seeds

    White Wonder Cucumber: 35-36 days. Very popular 7-9 inch long, does well in hot weather, heirloom introduced by W. Atlee Burpee in 1893. Ivory-colored when mature. For pickles or slicing. Very productive. 40 seeds

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    Eggplant

    *Colorful eggplant mix: A mix of most the larger eggplants in the catalog. Different shapes and colors. Always includes Black Beauty, Long Purple and Rosa Bianca (or similar), but may include more. (Comprido Verde Claro is not included.) Fun to grow. 40 seeds

    Arumugam's Eggplant (organic): Back in 2014! This eggplant originated in Tamil India, a very hot region. It is about the size of a fist with pretty green and white or lavender stripes. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Black Beauty Eggplant (organic): 72-85 days from transplant. Very popular variety has pretty, pear-shaped, purple-black fruits on a 24-30 inch plant. This is the standard big purple vegetable. Fine flavor. 40 seeds

    Comprido Verde Claro/Jilo (organic): Limit 5 packets 75 days. Very rare heirloom. Bright green fluted, about 1-2 inches long. Turns red when seeds are ripe, which is past the edible stage. From Africa via Brazil. Jilo is the Brazilian name. Good in stir-fries. Produced well in the record heat of 2011. Packet has at least 25 seeds

    Florentine Silk (organic): Lavender-pink with white streaks on top, roundish, 3-6 inches depending on your climate. Very pretty, nice sweet mild taste. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Long Lavender White Eggplant (organic): A pretty white eggplant with lavender shading. It is long and slightly narrow, but a little wider than most Asian eggplants. Nice flavor and easy to grow. My favorite. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Long Purple Eggplant (organic) / Long Purple Italian Eggplant: New for 2009. 70-80 days from transplant. From the 1850s and still very popular. Great shape for cooking evenly during grilling. (Slice it the long way and brush with olive oil before grilling over medium-low heat.) Fruit is dark purple and 8-10" long by 2" on 25-35" plants. 40 seeds

    Szechuan (organic): Chinese heirloom. Pear-shaped, medium-large, dark purple eggplant found on a botanical expedition to Asia. From the Seed Ambassadors Project of the Heritage Seed Library, UK. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

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    Flowers

    See also Ornamentals (plants without showy flowers)

    A note about flowers at Skyfire: All of the flower varieties in this catalog were chosen because they are very easy to grow. You will not need to give them special pampering to get these to germinate. With normal care, you should have flowers on your dinner table all summer.

    I scatter a few flowering plants around the vegetable garden to brighten it up. Cosmos are my favorite flowers. I love the look of a vegetable garden with a flower or two at the end of each row. You can also use them to mark parts of rows. If you have a row of, say, half Freckles lettuce and half Green Ice lettuce, put one or two flowers between them to help mark the change. Sunflowers are tall enough to mark the transition from one type of tomato to another.

    Flowers with edible parts

    Amaranthus caudatus / Love Lies Bleeding / Caudatus Red: 60 days. Classic ornamental from before 1700. Leaves can be cooked like spinach, but this variety is usually grown for large, drooping, bright red flowers/seed heads. Gets 2-3 ft tall. Seeds also nutritious. 200 seeds

    Amaranth Tricolor Splendens / Joseph's Coat Amaranth / Summer Poinsettia / Chinese Spinach: This is one vegetable you can plant in your front yard. Beautiful edible ornamental with brilliant red, yellow and green leaves. The leaves are cooked like spinach and tops of stems served like asperagus. Grows 3 ft tall. The early Spanish settlers tried to destroy amaranth in Mexico because the seeds were often used in non-Christian ceremonies. 200-300 seeds

    Basils: Click to see four of the basils. Basils are as decorative as they are delicious, so take a look at the Herb section of our catalog for several varieties and mixes. Some have leaves that are pretty and purple, while all have small flower stalks.

    Carrots: View photo of carrot flower
    Carrots can flower the second year in the right climate. To overwinter unprotected, you need warmer weather than Kansas, but in the far South, it is too warm for most to set seed.

    Common herbs: The following herbs or greens also have flowers that can decorate salads: Borage, Chives and Arugula. Read more about them in the Herb section of the catalog.

    Nasturtiums, Jewel: Brilliant yellow, red, orange, pink, chamois, rose and some bicolor. Flowers are mild-flavored and beautiful in salads, while leaves are peppery like water cress. 35 seeds

    Navajo tea: Thelesperma filifolium. Another common name is Greenthread. The Tewa name is Dep'e with means coyote plant. Finely divided leaves and little yellow daisies for tea or cute flowers. Will bloom in small pots. Takes heat and drought. Nice border plant for dry gardens. At least 300 seeds

    Okra: This hibiscus relative is native to Africa. If corn grows in your climate, you can probably grow okra. It makes an attractive border and should be grown in full sun. Flowers are pretty and immature seed pods are edible. (For edible okras, see the Okra section.)

    Runner Beans: 60-90 days. The term "scarlet runner bean" is often used for all types of red runner beans. Some people grow them only for the pretty vines and dainty flowers, but the pods can be eaten when very small. Prolific and very ornamental. Showy red flowers on 8-10 foot vines attract hummingbirds. Can be grown on a 5 foot fence. Eat young pods like snap beans or as shell when mature but still green. 20 seeds

    Snap or Dry beans: The flowers of snap or dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) are edible. They taste like snap beans and are pretty in salads. If you use too many, the yield of beans will be low, but just before the first frost, why not? Or buy an extra packet just for the flowers! (See Beans)

    Squash blossoms (free recipe with any squash seed order, only if you remember to request it on the order form): The flowers of all the squash I sell are edible, as are all Cucubita maxima, mixta, moshata and pepo. The stickers will soften when cooked. Saute gently in butter. Request a free chicken squash blossom soup recipe with any squash or pumpkin order, or just put them in your own homemade chicken soup.  BEE careful!  Use only flowers that are just about to open, because flowers that have already closed after pollination OFTEN HAVE BEES TRAPPED INSIDE!! 

    Sunflower, Grey Striped Mammoth: This is the standard BIG sunflower grown for its single beautiful 10-12 inch yellow flower and edible seeds. Sunflowers are really fun for the kids to grow, too. 40 seeds.

    Flowers/non-edible

    See also Ornamentals (plants without showy flowers)

    A note about these varieties! DO NOT EAT ANY PARTS OF THE PLANTS OR FLOWERS IN THIS CATEGORY.

    Five flowers that all need less water than average:
    They are listed just below (out of alphabetical order--good heavens!) If you are trying to save on your water bill this summer, but still want flowers, consider these beauties. Also, scroll down a short distance to find the Dryland Wildflower mix, which contains many more species. Put several kinds of flowers in with your vegetables to attract pollinating and beneficial insects.

    1. Gloriosa Daisy: (a type of Black-Eyed Susan) 2-3 ft tall. Annual or short-lived perennial, with lovely yellow daisies shading to orange towards the center. Flowers through hot summers and tolerates drought once established. Nice cut flower. 600 seeds

    2. Coreopsis, Lance-Leaved/Tickseed: Drought tolerant perennial with lovely little yellow daisies. Native east of the Rockies. Takes two years to establish. Grows 2-3 ft high and blooms May to July. Attractive tall ground cover. 150 seeds

    3. Mexican Hat: Drought tolerant annual that grows 2-3 feet tall. Long thin cone-like flowers have deep red-burgundy petals at the base, each petal edged in yellow. They do look somewhat like a sombrero. May be perennial in warmer areas. 3-400 seeds

    4. Purple Prairie Clover: Unusual clover-like flowers are lavender and grow in cone-like shapes with flowers on the base opening first. Very drought tolerant. Native to central US. Blooms May to Sept. Perennial. Nice for ground cover/landscaping. 400 seeds

    *Butterfly Wildflower Mix: Attract butterflies to your garden with this mix of 25 flowers in brilliant colors. The mix is half annuals and half perennials, so you should have color, and butterflies, for years. Maturity dates vary for a long season of blooms. Varieties include Purple Coneflower, Mexican Sunflower, several Daisies, Sweet William, Mexican Lupine, Love-in-a-Mist and many more. At least 200 seeds.

    Attracting Butterflies: If you really want to produce more butterflies, plant some parsley in your garden. Butterflies love to lay their eggs on it, so their catterpillar offspring can fill up on the nutritious leaves before turning into butterflies. The plant will come back though. Plant some extra parsley for yourself.

    Click here to see a swallowtail butterfly and her caterpillars.

    *Dryland Wildflower Mix: This is a special mix of 25 flowers for drier climates. About half annual and half perennial. Several daisy varieties, baby's breath, yarrow, poppy, flax, bachelor buttons, Clarksia, sweet wiliam, penstemon, primrose and more pretty flowers. Packet has at least 200 seeds. These will need to be kept moist while germinating and in the seedling stage until they get their roots down far enough.

    *Watercolor Cut Flower Annual Flower Mix: This is a mix of easy to grow cutflowers with many different colors, shapes and sizes. Contains at least 20 different varieties, including Baby’s Breath, Bachelor Button, Forget Me Not, Calendula, Zinnia, Marigold, Cosmos Sensation, Aster, Black-Eyed Susan, Larkspur, Corn Poppy, Clarkia, Plains Coreopsis, Phlox, Dwarf Sunflower, Indian Blanket, and Strawflower. Great for the dinner table or for budding painters. (Pun intended.) Some will dry well for winter decorations. Have fun! Plants will be 6-36" tall. At least 150 seeds.

    Bachelor Button, Centaurea Mix: Bachelor buttons are also called cornflowers. This 2.5 foot plant needs full sun and will thrive in poor soil. Many colors in a florist strain of grandma's old favorite. 300 seeds

    *Cosmos, Skyfire Mix: I love cosmos, so I have mixed several kinds to really add some splash to your garden! Flowers come in several colors with different petal shapes, on 30 to 40 inch plants. Easy to care for, cosmos do well even in poor soil and Kansas heat. You would have to buy three or four packets of seeds from other companies to get so many colors. I have added at least one new variety, not listed separately in the catalog, again this year. Drought tolerant. 60-70 seeds

    Cosmos, Bright Lights Mix: Cosmos will do well even in poor soil. Mostly orange colored (some yellow, some red-orange) flowers on 30" plants. Easy to care for. 100 seeds

    Cosmos, Sensation Mix: Cosmos are so easy to grow that they should be in every garden. Lots of 3 1/2 inch flowers in several shades of lavender and white on 36 inch tall plant with pretty fern-like foliage. Flowers are drought tolerant. 100 seeds

    Echinacea / Purple Coneflower: Perennial, purple daisy-like flowers with dark centers, attracts butterflies. Grows in zones 3-10 in full sun. Should tolerate drought. Native to North America. Blooms the first year if planted early, but needs patience as the best flowering will be in 1-2 years. Beginners will have more luck starting this plant in pots. 125 seeds

    Marigold, Crackerjack Mixed: Improved version, more fully double, 24 inches tall. Yellow, orange and gold. Some books say to plant these with tomatoes to keep bugs away. 200 seeds

    Marigold, Petite Mixed: Annual, 6-8 inches tall. May bloom as early as 9 weeks after planting. Excellent for borders, pots or bedding. Profuse bloomers. 200 seeds

    Morning Glory NOTE: Morning glories cannot be shipped to Arizona.

    Morning Glory Mix: Many colors on vines over 6 feet tall. Plant on a trellis or strings in full sun for a colorful display all summer. Red, blue, lavender, pink and white. 75 seeds

    Morning Glory, Chinese: View photo
    Pale Blue flowers look like Heavenly Blue morning glory. Seeds germinate more rapidly if you soak them in water over night before planting. Very pretty with vines to 10 feet or so. Can be transplanted when small. Needs warm soil. 35 seeds

    Morning Glory, Grandpa Ott's (organic): View photo
    Beautiful purple flower with a red throat. Bavarian heirloom that grows to 15 feet and will self-sow every year. Very hardy. One of the flowers that inspired Seed Savers Exchange. Grown in Kansas. 50 seeds

    Old-fashioned Vining Petunias (organic): Lovely vines 18-36 inches long, these charming flowers can cascade over the edge of a pot or wall or climb a short support. White, lavender, purple and variegated flowers. Easy to grow heirloom will seed itself next year where weather doesn't freeze. They transplant very well. Very tiny seed should be started in pots before setting outside. I bring some plants inside for the winter, so they bloom earlier in the spring. Organically grown. 150 seeds

    Sunflowers, *"for the birds": If you want to attract birds to your garden, the sunflowers here will set seeds that they love. These flowers will produce edible seeds, but they are too small to be eaten by people. Usually contains 3 varieties which also make good cut flowers, plus a few Mammoth. 70 seeds

    Sunflowers, *cut flower mix: Several varieties. A mix of 3-5 colors (maybe more) of small-seeded sunflowers, some in this catalog and some very pretty sunflowers not in the catalog. Contains more variety than the "for the birds" mix. Each will produce lots of 3-5 inch diameter flowers, with many flowers on each plant. No Mammoth. Plants are 4-6 feet tall. 70 seeds

    Autumn Beauty Sunflower: View Photo
    Yellow, bronze and purple shades in flowers up to 8 inches across on plant 60 inches tall. Many are long stemmed. Good cut flowers. Tolerates drought. 70 seeds

    Grey Striped Mammoth Sunflower: This is the standard BIG sunflower grown for its single beautiful 10-12 inch yellow flower and edible seeds. I repeated the description here just to keep all the sunflowers together, but you will also find it in the "Flowers with edible parts" section above. 40 seeds

    Sweet Pea Royal Mix: Sweet peas like cool weather and are prized for their fragrance. This mix contains several brilliant colors on vines 4 feet tall. 50 seeds

    Toadflax/Spurred Snapdragon: Native to Morocco, this lovely little flower grows anywhere in the US. About 18 inches tall, the pink, white, yellow, and magenta/purple flowers grow on long spikes like snapdragons. Really charming! A friend asked me to carry these--so here they are! Sow on soil surface. 2000 seeds

    Torch / Mexican Sunflower / Tithonia: View photo
    Tithonia rotundifolia. Red-orange flowers about 2-3 inches across. Blooms all summer on 4 foot bushy plant. Tolerates high heat and low water conditions. Very easy to grow. 60 seeds

    Zinnia, California Giant Mixed: Under the right conditions the flowers can grow to 5 inches across. Among the flower colors you will find pink, yellow, burnt orange, white and red. Some will have 2 shades of the same color. Plant grows to 3 feet. 125 seeds

    Zinnia, Peppermint Stick: View photo
    Pretty speckled and striped petals in several different colors. Fully double blossoms are great for flower arrangements. Plant is about 28 inches tall. One of the few flowers in my garden to survive the hot summer of 2011. Nice floweers! 75 seeds

    Zinnia, Persian Carpet: AAS winner in 1952. Nice, delicate cut flowers. Smaller than California Giant zinnias, these bloom in both solid and bi-colored petals. Mostly red, gold, cream, orange and burgundy, with some double flowers. 150 seeds

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    Greens

    Greens at Skyfire: Greens are extremely nutritious. I have a master's degree in nutrition and feel that we really should eat more dark green leafy vegetables. However, it can be a challenge to learn new cooking habits, so I have tried to put a few greens recipes online. In addition to the recipe at the end of this section, there is a spinach soup recipe in the spinach section and a pesto recipe in the herb section. Restaurants often use just a dab of pesto with pasta, but I never serve pasta with less than 1/3 cup of pesto per person. I really think basil is so good that it should be considered a green as well as an herb. I make my pesto with walnuts, which contain oils that are good for cardiovascular health.

    Tip for growing baby greens: Grow them in shallow pots up on a table or other stand. This makes them easier to harvest with a scissors. I use the rectangular pots about 2 feet by 6 inches. I light mulch will help keep soil particles off the leaves so they are easier to clean. Use fertile garden soil or a very good quality potting soil. Just use a cheap pair of scissors to clip the outer leaves off your baby plants. If you use a pair of good sewing scissors, the quilter or seamstress in the family may be very upset with you.

    Did you know that young, tender carrot tops can be added to soups? The younger leaves of pea plants can be used in salads and stir-fries.

    Arugula/Salad Roquette: 55 days. Slightly peppery taste. Widely used in salads in Europe, mixed with lettuce and other greens. It also makes a pretty garnish. 100 seeds

    Batavian Full Heart Endive / Improved Batavian / Florida Full Heart / Escarole: 80-90 days. AAS winner from 1934 and still one of the most popular varieties. Dark green, lovely ruffled outer leaves with nearly white, bleached center. 800-900 seeds

    Celery, Tall Utah 52-70R: 98 days from transplant to celery stalks, 40 days to baby greens. Celery stalks can be hard to grow, but I'm listing this as a green, because the baby leaves are very easy to grow and delicious in salads or soups. Cut leaves when only about 2 inches tall. Prefers cool weather. 1500 seeds

    *Micro Greens/Baby Greens: You can grow your own special gourmet baby greens and enjoy the more delicate flavor of young plants. Have wonderful salads by buying this mix or buying a packet each of your personal favorites of the following: arugula, beets, Swiss chard, kale, kohlrabi, mustard and lettuce. Plant seeds only an inch apart or less and cut when 2-3 inches high. If you don't cut them off too low, most will re-grow and you can have another batch of greens. Buy individual packets of your favorites or order the mix and I will pick out several greens for you.

    Malabar Spinach, Red (organic): 60-80 days. A warm weather spinach substitute, this tall tropical vine does well on a 5 foot trellis or fence and is very ornamental with red stems, green leaves and tiny pink & white flowers. Leaves store well in the refrigerator. Sow on surface: just press into soil and keep warm. Can be transplanted, but needs warm weather for growth. Best cooked. (Basella ruba) This produced well in our record heat of 2012. Makes a nice vine, so your greens stay up away from the soil, so they don't get sandy like regular spinach often does. Once the regular spinach is unable to cope with the summer heat, this will provide nice greens for recipes until frost. 15 seeds

    Melokhiya / Mazzocchi / Egyptian Spinach: (Corchorus olitorius) This deep green leafy vegetable is from Egypt, so it does very well in hot weather. Traditionally eaten in chicken soup in Egypt. Eat the very young leaves in salads, mixing just a few leaves with other greens. Hang the branches to dry to preserve them for winter soups and stews. Mild flavor. Grows to 5 ft. Request a free soup recipe if you order this.

    Seven Top / Southern Prize Turnip Greens: 30-50 days. This turnip is just for greens. Tops are broad and tender. Very high in nutrients. Pre-1880 heirloom often grown in the winter in the South. Baby greens are the best tasting. 1000 seeds

    You can find more greens under these headings: in the Table of Contents

    RECIPE: Greens and Mushrooms: Saute 8 oz. sliced mushrooms in 2 Tbsp olive oil. Add about 1 lb chopped chard, kale and/or other favorite greens, 1 minced clove garlic, 1-2 Tbsp fresh thyme, 1/3 C broth & zest of 1 lemon. Simmer until tender. Serve over pasta or polenta or with wholegrain bread. Serve topped with grated Parmesan or mozzarella cheese.

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    Herbs/Culinary

    Hint: If you are not familiar with the uses of herbs, www.wikipedia.org has histories, uses, and recipes.

    *Herb Mix: A mix of the most popular and easiest herbs: Arugula, Italian basil (regular sweet basil), cilantro and dill. Use for windowsill or contailer gardens on balconies. Small amount of each seed for people in apartments. At least 10-20 seeds of each variety. The packet describes each seed so you can tell them apart.

    Arugula/Salad Roquette: 55 days. Slightly peppery taste. Widely used in salads in Europe, mixed with lettuce and other greens. It also makes a pretty garnish. 100 seeds

    Click to see four of the basils.

    Basil, *Colorful, Flavorful Mix: A mix of most or all of the varieties we have. Very pretty, tasty and the aromas will be wonderful. Try several flavors at the price of a single packet. 350 seeds

    Basil, Cinnamon: Wonderful cinnamon scent is used in teas and potpourris. Pretty lavender stems and flowers. 350 seeds

    Basil, Clove Scented: Green leaves with clove-like scent. Wonderful in tea or just grow it as an ornamental. Can be used mixed with apples in cobblers and crisps. 350 seeds

    Basil, Genovese: A popular sweet basil for pestos, this variety as 2" green leaves. Very nice fragrance and taste. 500 seeds

    Basil, Large Leaf Italian: Classic sweet basil. I prefer this to lettuce in sandwiches. Try it in a "BLT" or turkey sandwich or make pesto for pasta. 500 seeds

    Basil, Lemon: See Basil, Sweet Dani below

    Basil, Mammoth (organic): Photo and more info
    The same great taste of classic sweet basil, but with much larger leaves. A great size for sandwiches and the large size makes it easy to pick just the leaves to allow the stems to produce more basil. Basil is great with most tomato dishes. Grown in Kansas. 75-100 seeds

    Basil, Purple Ruffles: AAS winner. Very popular as an ornamental. Purple leaves and pink flowers. A few plants will have green leaves, so start a few extra in pots. 24 inches tall. 200 seeds

    Basil, Red Rubin: 76 days. 18 to 24 inch beautiful reddish leaved plant with pink flowers. Looks lovely and tastes like the green sweet basil. Use leaves like any other basil, but make sure you put the plants where you can admire them. Grow a pot full to brighten up a window in the house in the winter. 200 seeds

    Basil, Siam Queen: View photo
    AAS winner. The prettiest basil, this anise-scented plant can be grown as a houseplant, so you can have fresh basil in the winter. Nice flowers, too. 100 seeds

    Basil, Sweet Dani (lemon): View photo
    AAS winner has a stronger lemon flavor than regular lemon basils. We grow this and dry it use as tea or to add to other teas or in tomato dishes. Excellent plant. Looks similar to regular sweet basil. 100 seeds

    RECIPE: Low-cal pesto Place 1 cup basil leaves (mix lemon and Italian if desired), 1 clove chopped garlic, 1/3 cup walnuts, 1/4 cup parmesan cheese, 2 tbsp olive oil and 2 tbsp water or chicken broth. Blend. Serve with pasta or vegetable spaghetti (spaghetti squash).

    Borage: Finely chop leaves to add a mild cucumber-like flavor to salad. The pretty blue star-shaped flowers are edible, too. Pull out the center of the flower (just the petals) and sprinkle them on a salad. 100 seeds

    Catnip: Yes, it really is a culinary herb. It makes a nice, soothing tea. But the real reason you plant it is to share the garden with your cats. Plant this perennial where the cats rolling in it won't harm your prize zinnias. What, you don't grow zinnias? We can help with that, too. There are about 1000 catnip seeds/packet.

    Chamomille, German: Annual herb grows to about 18" tall. White flowers with yellow centers are used for herbal tea. Related to daisies and drought tolerant, this herb is often used as a ground cover. Easy to grow. Matricaria chamomilla L. over 1000 seeds/packet

    Chives: (see also Garlic Chives below) Chives are very easy to grow. Put them in a pot in a sunny window in the winter and snip off what you need with a scissors. This perennial will grow about 6 inches tall. 500 seeds

    Cilantro: The seeds are called coriander. The leaves look like parsley and it is often called Chinese parsley, but it has a very different flavor than parsley. Popular in Mexican cuisine. Use in salsa or sprinkle on soups or salads. 150 seeds

    Dill, Dukat: This is an improved variety of the old favorite and earlier to flower than most varieties. Try fresh dill on steamed or boiled, buttered new potatoes. Use seeds and leaves for pickling. Essential for cucumber salads! 400 seeds

    Epazote: View photo
    Easy to grow herb (if you follow the directions below). It is supposed to reduce gas when cooked with dry beans for soup or re-fried beans. Likes hot weather. Dry some for winter use. It really makes a pot of beans simmering on the stove smell wonderful! Sow on the soil surface in small pots of sterile planting mix to transplant into the garden. Make sure that you keep the soil temperature about 70-80 degrees and in good light. These need light to germinate. 100 seeds

    Garlic Chives: Very easy to grow. Nice delicate garlic flavor is great in lettuce salads, cucumber salads or sprinkled on potatoes. Not at all strong like garlic bulbs and will eventually produce white flowers. Approx. 150 seeds

    Lemon Grass: A native of India, lemon grass is popular in Thai food, but try it in any chicken soup recipe. (Steep leaves in broth like tea then strain it out. Steep 6-10 leaves in 1/2 your broth on the back burner while you are choping vegetables for the main soup pot. You don't eat the leaves, you just draw the lemony flavor into the broth). Lovely lemon scent. Try it in tea or mixed into lemonaide. Perennial in warm climates, so it is best grown in a 10-12" pot so you can bring it inside over the winter. 2-10 plants can fit in a 12" planter. Mine is about 4 feet tall and has been growing for about 4 years. You can keep it cut back to 2 feet and use the cuttings in soup. This is not the kind that develops the thich stems, but it has the same flavor. Ask for a Thai chicken soup recipe and I'll send it free. 250 mg

    Oregano, Italian: (O. vulgare) The standard Italian herb for pizza, spaghetti, etc. Easy to grow in pots. I plant 50-100 seeds in a 12 inch container for lots of small plants unstead of waiting for one nursery-sized plant. Perennial, but overwinter inside in cold areas.

    Parsley, Green Italian: This flat-leaf Italian parsley is more flavorful than the curly-leaved types. Parsley lives 2 years. Fresh parsley has so much more flavor than dried, so you will probably want to transplant some of it to the greenhouse or south window for the winter. Plant some extra so the butterflies can lay eggs on it for caterpillars. Tell your family not to pick the caterpillars off! The plants will recover when the caterpillars leave. Check out the photo in the flowers section of this web page. 750 seeds

    Sage, broadleaf: Traditional herb for turkey stuffing and sausages. The tea has been used medicinally for centuries. 150 seeds

    Sorrel, French: Acid-lemony tasting leaves used in French cooking, especially in soups conbined with potatoes. Perennial. Use stainless steel cookware as it can react with aluminun or cast iron. 50 seeds

    Summer Savory: 60-70 days. Fresh leaves are wonderful in chicken, bean, summer squash and cabbage dishes. Begin cutting leaves when the plant is 6 inches tall. Can be dried for winter if cut just before it flowers. Easy to grow. Planting with beans may help to repel Mexican bean beetles. At least 100 seeds.

    Thyme: Thyme is easy to grow, but best started in pots, because the seeds are very small. It can be kept going from cuttings if it gets too leggy. Fresh thyme is wonderful sprinkled on salads or in soups or cheese sauce. Don't wait for it to get as big as the plants in nurseries. Sow lots of seeds in a 6 to 12 inch pot and cut off the tops of the stems when 3-4 inches tall. In cold climates, bring inside for the winter and it will live several years. At least 100 seeds per packet

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    Kale

    *Colorful Kale Mix: Mix of red and green kales. Try them as baby greens in salads and stir-fried dishes. 400 seeds

    Lacinto Kale / Nero di Toscana / Dinosaur Kale: 60-90 days. A very popular 18th century Italian heirloom, this kale has very ornamental 3 by 10 inch blue-green leaves. Very winter-hardy. 250 seeds

    Red Russian Kale / Ragged Jack Kale (organic): View photo
    50-65 days. Originally from Siberia, it was brought to Canada about 1885. Very pretty red-purple-green leaves. Becoming popular. Frost tolerant. 400 seeds

    Siberian Improved Kale, Dwarf: 60-70 days. Plants 12-15 inches tall. Slightly frilled edges on thick blue-green leaves. Easy to grow and very nutritious as baby greens or mature leaves. 500 seeds

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    Kohlrabi

    *Purple/White Kohlrabi Mix: A mix of the white and purple types, about half each. 600 seeds

    Early White Vienna Kohlrabi: 50-65 days. This mild-flavored member of the cabbage family was developed before 1860. Pale green bulbs develop just above the ground. Eat raw in salads or cook with butter or cream. Plant several sowings for a steady supply. 600 seeds

    Early Purple Vienna Kohlrabi: 55-69 days. Also called Di Vienna Violetto. Old favorite home garden variety with purple bulbs. Just as easy to grow as white. 600 seeds

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    Lettuce

    A note about lettuce: To extend your lettuce season, make several plantings. For lettuce that will mature in mid to late summer, plant in shade and eat it young. If you eat just the outer leaves, the crop will last longer than if you harvest the whole plant at one time. For baby lettuce, plant seed closer and start pulling the outer leaves when it is 3-5 inches tall, or cut it all off 1 inch from ground. Makes a nice gourmet treat.

    lettuce has approximately 600 seeds per gram.

    *Colorful Lettuce Mix: A mixture of colors in leaf, butterhead and romaine lettuces. Both green and red varieties. You will have some lovely salads! 1.5 grams

    Butterhead Lettuce

    All Year Round lettuce: 64-75 days. English lettuce that stays solid in hot weather. Very slow to bolt. Good for the far north. Plant spring or late summer. 2 grams

    Buttercrunch Lettuce / Butter King Lettuce / Buttercrunch Bibb Lettuce: 50-70 days. AAS winner from 1963. Large bibb lettuce is dark green with a reddish tint. Slow bolting lettuce developed at Cornell University. 2 grams

    Kragener Sommer Lettuce: 58 days. Also called Butter Bow Head, this French butterhead was originally developed in Germany to withstand summer heat. Slow to bolt, medium size, midseason. 2 grams

    Mignonette Bronze Lettuce / Early Surehead Lettuce: Sorry-out of stock! 65-67 days. Compact plant with green-bronze head that has a creamy interior. Slow to bolt in hot weather. Heirloom introduced in 1898. 1 gram

    White Boston Lettuce / Summer Unrivaled Lettuce: 60-75 days. Improved version of Big Boston, light green, no red. Good for hot climates like Florida. 2 grams

    Leaf Lettuce

    Amish Deer Tongue Lettuce (organic): 50 days. This Amish variety dates from the 1840s and is very popular with heirloom gardeners. Forms loose heads and is slow to bolt. 1 grams

    Black Seeded Simpson Lettuce: 40-65 days. Standard green leaf, popular for many years. Stands heat and drought. Heirloom introduced in the 1850s. 2 grams

    Cocarde Lettuce: 50 days. A beautiful, French, red-splashed oakleaf. Fine, delicate flavor good for baby greens or full size. Bronze-red, green and white mix of colors on leaf. 1 gram

    Cracovienses Lettuce (organic): 45-60 days. Beautiful, very long, wavy green leaves with a purple tint. This heirloom from Eastern Europe will retain its buttery flavor even in the heat. Pre-1885. Listed in The Vegetable Garden by Vilmorin as Asparagus Lettuce, you can peel and eat the stems like asparagus. 1 gram

    Green Ice Lettuce: 45 days. Very slow to bolt, so you can enjoy its crisp, green, savoyed leaves longer. Glossy leaves are fringed. Less likely to be bitter than almost any other lettuce. 2 grams

    Lolla Rossa Darkness Lettuce: 50 days. A Lolla Rosso type lettuce about 6 inches around. Intense red/burgundy color with very curley leaves and mild flavor. Cut and come again lettuce for spring or fall would be good for container gardening. 1 gram

    Oakleaf Lettuce: 38-60 days. Leaves actually look like oak leaves. Old-fashioned favorite that stands heat and doesn't get bitter. Very popular. Heirloom introduced in 1771. 2 grams

    Red Sails Lettuce: 40-66 days. AAS winner is slow to bolt, so you can enjoy its ruffled red-bronze leaves longer than other lettuces. Much higher in vitamins A and C than supermarket lettuce. Grow in spring, summer or fall. PVP 1986. 1 gram

    Rubin Lettuce (organic): 50-60 days. Beautiful crinkled maroon leaves make lovely salads. Especially bright color in the cool weather of spring. Very showy! Great baby lettuce mixed with a green variety. 1 gram

    Salad Bowl Lettuce, Green: 45-68 days. AAS in 1952. Wavy, notched leaves will not get bitter in hot weather. Light green and fast growing. Planted in July in our 90+ heat, we had wonderful baby lettuce all through August and September. 2 grams

    Salad Bowl Lettuce, Red: 45-50 days. Introduced in 1955, this lettuce is very slow to bolt so you will have a longer harvest period. Lobed leaves have a bronze tint with pale green interior leaves. Very popular. 2 grams

    Sunset Lettuce (organic): AAS winner. One of the prettiest red leaf lettuces I have ever grown. It is heat tolerant. Hard to find now because it sets so few seed. A favorite at SSE's Heritage Farm. 1 gram

    Romaine Lettuce

    Freckles Lettuce / Trout Back Lettuce / Forellenschluss Lettuce: 55-70 days. This heirloom is becoming very popular because of its beautiful, tender green leaves speckled with red. Resembles Speckles butterhead, but larger. 1 gram

    Parris Island Cos: 50-80 days. Very popular dark green 8-12 inch slightly savoyed leaves. Hearts are pale and sweet. Medium slow bolting. From 1952. 1 gram

    Rouge D'Hiver Lettuce: 55-65 days. Also called Red Winter or Cimmaron, this beautiful European heirloom lettuce will tolerate heat if kept watered. Color varies from greenish red to dark red. I grow it every year in my own garden. 2 grams

    Valmaine Lettuce: 70 days. Dark green, slightly savoyed leaves with a heart that blanches to creamy yellow. Developed in 1963 and becoming rare. 2 grams


    Lima Beans, see Bean section Click here for Lima Beans, bush and pole

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    Melons

    See also Watermelon Click here for Watermelon

    Collective Farm Woman: Back in 2014! 80-85 days. This heirloom has rapidly gained popularity since its introduction to the USA in 1993 by Seed Savers Exchange. This old Ukrainian variety has very sweet, fragrant, pale-yellow flesh and grows to 7-10 inches. 25 seeds

    *Melon Mix: A mix of at least 4 different melon from the catalog. You just haven't tasted melons until you have tasted home-grown vine-ripened melons. This selection gives you a lot of variety in the garden and kitchen. 30 seeds

    Charentais Melon: 80-90 days. Small cantaloupe-like melon that heirloom gardeners love. Excellent flavor and fragrance. May need a little extra care, but worth it. Backordered--I expect seeds to be available by mid-February. 25 seeds

    Honeydew Melons

    Honey Dew Green: 105 days. High sugar content, small seed cavity, thick green flesh, and creamy rind without netting. Stores well. 50 seeds

    Melon, Muskmelons also called Cantaloupes

    Hale's Best Jumbo Melon (organic), Hale's Best Original Muskmelon: 75-85 days. One of the most popular melons for home growers. Heirloom introduced in 1923, drought resistant, salmon flesh, good flavor. 40 seeds

    Honey Rock/Sugar Rock Melon (organic): 74-88 days. This AAS winner from 1933 is also called Sugar Rock. It has a tough grayish green skin and thick deep salmon flesh. Fruit weighs 3-4 pounds and there should be 5-7 per plant. Good for the North. 40 seeds

    Kansas Melon (organic): New for 2011! 90 days. Wonderful heirloom melon from Kansas has sweet orange flesh. Fruit is about 4 pounds with fine texture. Productive and hardy, this also resists sap beetles. 30 seeds

    Minnesota Midget Melon: 60-100 days. The compact vines make it great for small gardens and the large crop of 4" melons are just right for a single person. Unique flavor and high sugar content. Developed Minnesota in 1948. 30 seeds

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    Mustard

    *Fancy Mustard Mix: All the mustards in the catalog. Pretty mix of red, old fashioned green, Southern Giant, and mizuna. 1000 seeds

    Giant Red Mustard: 45-60 days. A pretty Japanese variety, with deep purplish-red savoyed leaves and white ribs. Slow to bolt. Strong flavor. Often used pickled. Becoming very popular. 1000 seeds

    Mizuna: 40-45 days; 21 days for baby greens. This is a Japanese variety with white stems and deeply cut green leaves. Will regrow after cutting, so you have greens over a long period. Good in stir-fried vegetables or baby greens for salads. 500 seeds

    Old Fashioned Mustard: 40-50 days. Excellent mustard for salads. Bolts early but the fine flavor keeps it a popular vegetable. 500 seeds

    Southern Giant Curled Mustard: 35-60 days. The most popular mustard for home gardeners. Sow spring or fall. Cold resistant. 1000 seeds

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    Okra

    *Colorful Okra mix: Can't decide which okra to plant? Buy this and try several. Mix of at least 3 varieties, one red and two green okras (Burgundy, Clemson and Cow Horn). (All standard size pods: Pink ornamental okra not included.) 125 seeds

    Burgundy Okra: 50-60 days. Also called Red Burgundy. AAS winner in 1988. Pretty 4-5 foot tall plant has green leaves, burgundy stems and burgundy pods. Another vegetable you might want in the flower garden: okra has pretty flowers. 200 seeds

    Clemson Spineless Okra: 55 days. AAS winner. The 6 inch long pods are produced on plants 3-4 feet tall. An old favorite. Heavy Yields. 200 seeds

    Cow Horn Okra / Cornhorn Okra: Heirloom, hard to find. Up to 7 feet tall with 10 inch pods that actually taste best at the more usual size of about 3-4 inches. 125 seeds

    Jing Orange Okra (organic): View photo
    In limited supply. Beautiful plants with red tinged leaves and red pods that have a slight orange cast. Pods are about 4 inches long. Flowers are yellow. Grown in Kansas. Produced well in 2012 heat. 100 seeds

    Pink Okra: Sorry, out of stock for 2013. I hope to have this back in 2014. It is an ornamental, not a vegetable. Link to Ornamentals section


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    Onions

    A note about onions: Long days onions do best from Kansas north. Intermediate in the middle. Short day onions from Kansas south. When grown from seed rather than little bulb sets, they are less likely to flower, which means they put more energy into growing bulbs. Start them 2-3 months early in flats in the greenhouse or southern window. If you just want green onions, you can plant them a little later.

    Burrell's Yellow Valencia Onion: 115-120 days. All American Selection. For areas that have long summer days, that is, the northern half of the country. Large, bronze globes are superior to Sweet Spanish onions. Can use as green onions, too. 750 seeds

    Pompeii onions: 85 days. Wonderful flat, Italian "cipollini" onion with excellent. flavor. Short day (for the south and southwest). I planted this in Kansas in 2008 and loved it. Some of the plants formed 2-3 smaller bulbs, which was great for kebobs or when a recipe needs just a little onion. Short storage. 1.5 grams

    Red Burgundy onions: Medium-large bulbs with dark red skin. Short day variety (grows best from Kansas south). Can be stored for a short time. 750 seeds

    Sweet Spanish White onions: 115 days. Popular, sweet onion for home gardeners. For fresh use rather than storage. Long day type, that is, for areas that have long summer days (north 1/2 of US). 750 seeds

    Tropeana Tonda onions: 110 days. Excellent flavored, large, European, top-shaped, violet-red onion for fresh use but it stores well, too. Short to intermediate day (lower 2/3 of U.S.). Use as green onions or bulbs. 1.5 grams


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    Ornamentals

    See also Flowers

    Ornamental, Edible

    Pink Okra (organic): Sorry, out of stock for 2013, but I hope to have this again in 2014.

    Ornamental Corn varieties: Dried ears of corn make great fall decorations. I think all corns are beautiful, but Hopi Blue, Bloody Butcher and Strawberry are very nice. There is also a very popular ornamental corn simply called Indian Ornamental corn. For these, see the Corn section. Click here for Corn selections.

    Ornamental Greens: Sunset lettuce and Rainbow Swiss Chard are as pretty as any flower. Rainbow chard just wows everyone with 5 gorgeous colors: I'm told it is even good on pizza! (Look under Swiss Chard) Red Russian Kale is also pretty. Amaranth is considered a flower and a green vegetable.

    Ornamental Squashes: All of the pumpkins are considered ornamental. Check the winter squash descriptions for squash that are both decorative and delicious. No reason your food can't be pretty!

    Ornamental, not for flowers

    There may be no non-flowering ornamentals in 2014. Back to Table of Contents

    Peas

    Black-Eyed Peas, aka Southern Peas, aka Cowpeas have their own section. Click for Cowpeas/Black-eyed Peas

    Edible Pod Peas

    Oregon Sugar Pod II Snow Peas: 60-70 days. This is the flat Chinese Snow Pea that is so good in stir-fries. The 30 inch vines need little or no support (especially if grown close together) and are prolific producers of sweet light green pods. Produces 20% more peas than other varieties. Freezes well. Mildew res. 175 seeds

    Sugar Snap Peas: View photo
    53-67 days. AAS winner, so you know it is good. Sugar snap peas are eaten when plump like string beans, so you get more food with less work. Very sweet eaten raw or briefly steamed. Don't microwave because they just don't turn out as evenly cooked. 48-72 inch vines need support. 175 seeds

    Garden Peas (Shelling Peas)

    RECIPE: Green pea salad On a bed of chopped leaf lettuce, place peas (briefly cooked), shredded carrot and chopped green onion. Serve with honey mustard dressing (1 tbsp each honey and mustard, 1/4 cup vinegar, 1/2 cup oil & 1 clove finely minced garlic.)

    Lincoln Peas: 65-70 days. This heirloom from 1908 is also called Homesteader. Very productive pea does very well in warm weather and also grows well in the North. Vines are 18-30" tall. A customer favorite. 175 seeds

    Little Marvel Peas / Improved American Wonder Peas / Extra Early Little Marvel Peas / Sitton's Little Marvel Peas: 63 days. Introduced in 1900 and still one of the most popular peas. Bush vines are about 20 inches tall, with 3.5 inch dark green, plump pods. Dependable, great yields, unsurpassed quality. 175 seeds

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    Peppers

    2011 and 2012 pepper crops: We too many days over 100 degrees. Most peppers will not flower in that heat, so you get no fruit. I have to drop a few of my favorite heirlooms, because they they just didn't make seeds. I hope this year is cooler, so I can get peppers and seeds. Some of the rare peppers are so good that I'd hate to lose them.

    A note about peppers: If pepper plants still have fruit ripening when frost threatens, transplant them into a large pot and move them into the greenhouse or place in front of a very sunny window. Under proper conditions, they might survive and bear fruit again next year.

    RECIPE: Salsa fresca (fresh salsa) Dice 1/2 cup red tomatoes and 1/2 cup yellow/orange tomatoes, (or 1 cup red tomatoes) 1/4 cup chopped sweet bell peppers and 1/4 cup finely chopped onions. Take seeds out of 1 Anaheim (mild), or Jalapeno (hot) chili. Any chile you like will work. Mince very fine and put in the blender with 1/4 cup of the tomatoes. Add 1/2 tsp salt. Mix, but don't blend the whole recipe. Leave it chunky. Can add 1/4 tsp dried oregano and/or 2 Tbsp fresh chopped cliantro.

    Click the links below for the three categories of peppers, or scroll down:
    Sweet Bell Peppers
    Sweet Non-Bell Peppers (sometimes called "Frying Peppers")
    Or look directly below for Hot Peppers.

    Hot Peppers, also called Chili Peppers or Chile Peppers or Chilli Peppers (My dictionary lists all three spellings.)

    A warning about hot peppers! The seeds of hot peppers are the hottest part! Do not touch your eyes after handling them! Even for planting the very hot ones, it might be best to wear disposable gloves. Wear gloves to prepare the fresh peppers for cooking. Double glove to work with very hot peppers. Do not allow children to handle these!

    *Hot Pepper Mix: A mixture of mild to very hot peppers that can be eaten green or red. Usually includes just the most popular chiles: Anaheim, Poblano and Jalapeno and sometimes Serrano. 30 seeds

    Anaheim Chilies / Anaheim Peppers: 70-90 days from transplant. Plants are 24-30 inches high with 6-8 inch long tapered chilis that are usually eaten green when they are slightly hot to medium hot, but will ripen to a bright red. Very popular. 75 seeds

    Ancho Peppers / Poblano Peppers: 90 days. Called Poblano or Pasilla when fresh, Ancho when dried. A favorite for South-of-the-border recipes. Dark green fruits will turn brownish when dry. 1000-1500 Scoville heat units. 30 seeds

    Chili de Comida (organic): back in 2014! Medium hot chilis 4-6 inches long. Rare Zapotec variety from the Sierra Madre del Sur in Oaxaca, Mexico. Used with ancho chilis in mole (a sauce). Dries well. Grown in Kansas. 25 seeds

    Jalapeno peppers / Jalapeno M: 75 days from transplant. This is the hot chili often used on nachos or in salsa. It is usually used green, but will mature to red. Thick-walled fruits about 1 by 3 inches. Use fresh or canned. 60 seeds

    Navajo (organic): Back in stock for 2014! If you like good flavor with only a little heat, this might be for you. Fairly thick flesh in a 6-8 inch green or red chili. Dries well. Anaheim type with no heat when green, except for the hot seeds. Mildly hot when red. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Rachel peppers (organic): Prolific chili 1x2-2.5 inches on a plant 3.5-4 ft tall. Very nice, rare, mild-medium hot when pale green, very hot when red. Grown in Kansas. One of my favorites for salsa. 20 seeds

    Serrano Chilies: 75-90 days from transplant. This very hot chili is about 1/2 inch wide and 2-2.5 inches long. This 24-35" plant is prolific and everbearing. Peppers start out green and mature red-orange, with medium thin flesh. 80 seeds


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    Click here for the top of the Peppers list

    Sweet Bell Peppers, Bell Peppers and Semi-Bell

    Click here for the Sweet Non-Bell Peppers (sometimes called "Frying Peppers") list

    *Colorful Sweet Bell Mix: It is rare to find so many open pollinated colors of sweet blocky bell peppers. A mix of most of the sweet bell and semi-bell peppers in the catalog: green, red, yellow, orange, and purple. Colors will change as they mature. Delicious at any stage. Mostly heirlooms. 35 seeds

    *Mixed Shapes Sweet Peppers: A mix of at least 6 sweet peppers in the catalog. Includes bell and long slender peppers. A colorful mix of varieties will give you a lot of choices for salads, frying, or any recipe for sweet peppers. Fun selection! 35 seeds

    California Wonder Pepper: 68-89 days from transplant. Everbearing plant 24-30 inches tall produces large green or red sweet peppers. One of the most popular and dependable varieties for the home gardener. 60 seeds

    Chinese Giant Peppers (organic): 75-90 days. Large green bell peppers change to bright red. This heirloom was introduced by Burpee in 1900. Fruit is 6 by 4.5 inches with thick walls. Similar to California Wonder, but larger. 30 seeds

    Choco/Sweet Chocolate Pepper (organic): 85-90 days from transplant to ripe peppers. Elongated, thin bell, sometimes twisted, with a very different sweet flavor. Peppers are reddish chocolate/burgundy inside. Very productive. Not the same as Chocolate pepper. 25 seeds

    Golden California Wonder Pepper / Golden Calwonder: 70 days. Similar to the red California Wonder, but turns a pretty yellow with a orange tint when ripe. Delicious in sweet bell pepper soup. 50 seeds

    Orange Bell Pepper (organic): See Orange Sun below, too. 60 days to green, 90 to orange. An ordinary name for a pepper with extra-ordinary taste. Seed Savers Exchange's Heritage Farm says it is the best-tasting orange pepper they have ever grown. High yields, too. 20 seeds

    Orange Sun Bell Pepper: Organic this year! 75-80 days. Very nice green bell turns orange when ripe. Excellent flavor and thick flesh. Earlier than Orange Bell. The flavor is different from Orange Bell, but I can't say either is actually better tasting, as they are both delicious. It was very productive in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Purple Beauty Pepper: 75 days. Beautiful new pepper with mild, sweet flavor. Stays purple a long time before turning deep red or purple-red. Sturdy plants. Becoming very popular. 25 seeds

    Red Belgian (organic): Back in 2014! 80 days. Short, productive plants. Starts pale yellow > orange > red. The flavor is best when orange or red. Delicious flavor differs from ordinary sweet bells. Semi-bell shape: somewhat pointed end. Grown in Kansas. My favorite! Try stuffed with cheese or pickled. 20 seeds

    Virginia's Door Knob (organic): An heirloom baby bell, but a little rounder. Early and very, very productive! Sort of like a mini-bell, about 1.5 inches wide and slightly flattened: really looks like some antique door knobs. Nice flavor is good red or green for salads, cooking or try stuffing with egg salad, chicken salad, tuna salad, etc. for a nice hors d'oeurves or a pretty contribution to a pot luck dinner. Produces red peppers earlier than most varieties. 20-24" tall. Heirloom from Virginia Parrish. Very productive, too. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Zold Kalinkoi (organic): Back in 2014! 80 days. This bell pepper is milder and sweeter in the green stage than any other I have tasted: excellent flavor. It starts out pale green then changes into a conventional red bell pepper. Average to good production. USDA PI 288939. Grown in KS. 25 seeds


    Sweet Non-Bell Peppers

    Click here for the top of the Peppers list

    *Mixed Shapes Sweet Peppers: A mix of at least 6 sweet peppers in the catalog. Includes bell and long slender peppers. A colorful mix of varieties will give you a lot of choices for salads, frying, or any recipe for sweet peppers. Fun selection! 35 seeds

    Corno di Toro Rosso: 75-100 days. Name means "red bull's horn" which indicates the shape. About 8 inches long, this is an exellent Italian heirloom frying pepper. Fry, slice for salads, or slit down the middle and fill with cheese and gently saute until cheese melts. Very nice! 50 seeds

    Cubanelle Italian/Cubanella Long Sweet Frying: 65-70 days. Sweet Italian frying pepper about 4-6 inches long. Distinct flavor makes it very popular. Yellow-green irregular flesh when young and red when mature. Can also be pickled like the Pepperoncini Italian peppers. Plants 24-30 inches tall. 50 seeds

    Donkey Ears (organic): 90 days. About 6 inches long and 1.5 to 2 inches wide at the top, this looks like an Anaheim chili, but is never hot. One of the best tasting sweet red peppers ever. Stuff with cheese, use in salads or make a rich pepper sauce. (If you order any sweet pepper, ask for my pepper sauce recipe. I serve it over chichen on a bed of rice.) Tall plants are very productive. A seedsaver in Minnesoto found this heirloom in Butan, Bulgaria. This is the only sweet pepper to set fruit in our record heat in 2011! 20 seeds

    Pointy Kaibi #1 (organic): New in 2014! A Bulgarian family heirloom from Mitko Antonov, this pepper is medium-sized, wide at the top and, as the name says, pointed at the blossom end. One of the best of the 2013 garden. Rivals Donkey Ears for good taste, but it does taste different than Donkey Ears. Grown in Kansas. 20 seeds.

    Sweet Banana (Hungarian Wax Sweet): 58-75 days. This AAS winner is also called Yellow Banana. Heirloom variety from Hungary. Starts green, turns yellow, orange, then red. Prolific plant 16-24 inches tall bears sweet tapered peppers about 6 inches long. Heirloom from 1941. 60 seeds

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    Pumpkins

    See also Squash/Winter: Some of the winter squash are also decorative. Click here for Winter Squash

    Pumpkin Pie: Most decorative pumpkins don't make good pie. I have looked hard for pumpkins that do and all of the pumpkins below are good for pie except Connecticut. Most winter squash make good pies, too.

    *Pumpkin, Mixed Sizes: A variety of sizes, roundish and flattened shapes, all orange pumpkins, for your Halloween decorating. No minis or mammoths, to make your seed spacing easier. At least 3 types. 25 seeds

    Cinderella-Rouge D'Etampes / Cinderella Pumpkin: 84-100 days. Very popular for Halloween because of its bright orange skin. Popular with home gardeners because its bush vines take up only about 6 square feet and the flavor is excellent. Pumpkins are somewhat flattened, so not good for carving, but very pretty. Grows to about 15 pounds. 10 seeds

    Connecticut Field Pumpkin / Big Tom Pumpkin / Halloween Pumpkin / Jaune des Champs Pumpkin / Yankee Cow Pumpkin:  100-120 days. May be the most popular decorative pumpkin in the US. Heirloom, pre-1700, used for decorations or animal feed. This is the classic Halloween carving pumpkin. If you want pumpkin pie, read through the other pumpkin descriptions or look in the Winter Squash section. 35 seeds

    Fairytale Pumpkin: 100 days. Unique shape! Deep ridges in a flattened, tan-orange pumpkin 8 inches deep and 12-18 inches wide. Up to 40 pounds. Bred for great taste from 3 heirlooms, you can use this like a winter squash. Stores well. Small seed cavity, so not for carving. If you should have some that are large but still mostly green when the first frost hits, they may still make great pie and soup, but will not store well, so eat them fast or cut them up and freeze them or can them. When very immature (under 6 inches) they are nice summer squash, so after two pumpkins have set on the vine, start using the rest of the small fruit as summer squash. 10 seeds

    Galeux d'Eysines (Peanut pumpkin): 100 days. This is a popular French heirloom grown for the sweet orange flesh and as a real conversation piece. It has orange skin, but looks like it is covered with peanut shells. You need some of these in with your halloween decorations. Don't forget to save some for pies and soup. Stores well and weighs about 10-15 lbs. 14 seeds

    Jack O' Lantern: 75-115 days. Also called Halloween or Large Connecticut Yellow Field. Orange, with shallow ribs, this is great for carving, but also makes good pie. This 10-18 lb pumpkin also stores well. 25 seeds

    Jarradale Pumkin or Winter Squash: 100 days. Blue-grey skin on a slightly flattened, deeply-ribbed pumpkin from 6-10 pounds. Australian variety has thick, sweet orange flesh with very good flavor and long storage qualities. It is becoming more popular in the US. 15 seeds

    Red Warty Thing: 100 days. Warty pumpkins are all the rage now. You wouldn't expect such a decorative red-orange pumpkin/squash to have great taste, but it does. Covered with bumps, this pumpkin/squash grows up to 14 inches across. Hubbard type so it stores very well. 12 seeds

    Small Sugar Pumpkin / New England Pie Pumpkin: 80-118 days. One of the most popular pie pumpkins because of its flavor, texture and very practical size. Orange with light ribs, 8-12 inch diameter, 5-8 pounds. The roasted seeds are also delicious. 25 seeds

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    Radishes

    *Jelly Bean Mix: 25-40 days. Colorful mixture of many varieties to brighten up your salads. Great fun for kids, too. 350 seeds

    Cherry Belle Radish (organic): 20-30 days. AAS winner in 1949. This round red radish from Holland is a good keeper. Excellent for either early or late sowings. 200 seeds

    Comet Radish: 23-26 days. AAS winner in 1936. Globe shaped red root is best when 1 inch diameter or smaller. Crisp and doesn't get pithy as fast as most radishes, which makes the season longer. 350 seeds

    French Breakfast Radish: 20-30 days. Popular rose-scarlet radish with a white tip. Heirloom from 1880s. Top quality, pungent flavor. 350 seeds

    German Giant/Parat: 29 days. Large, round, scarlet radish with crisp white meat. You can harvest it any where from marble to baseball size without it getting woody. Becoming very popular. 350 seeds

    Japanese Minowase (a Daikon): Popular old Japanese radish can grow up to 24 inches long. Usually planted in summer. It can be eaten raw, cooked or pickled. Grate it raw into salads or into soup.

    Icicle / White Icicle Radish: 27-32 days. Also called Lady Finger. Standard long white radish since 1896. 350 seeds

    Purple Olive-Shape Radish (organic): 40 days. I've been growing this heirloom for several years and find that it is slow to get woody. William Woys Weaver writes about this radish in his book Heirloom Vegetable Gardening. He says it seems to date back to the 17th century. A few radishes will be white, but they are just as good tasting as the purple. I eat the white ones before they set seed, so maybe they will eventually all be purple. I grow them early spring and fall, as Weaver recommends. Grown in Kansas. 100 seeds

    Purple Plum Radish (organic) / Plum Purple Radish: 25-30 days. Purple skin, white flesh, round. Should stay crisp and not get pithy as early as most radishes. Pretty. 300 seeds

    Runner beans, See Bean/Runner Click here for Beans/Runner

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    Sorghum or Broomcorn

    Sorry, no sorghum for sale in 2014. Back to Table of Contents

    Spinach

    RECIPE: Spinach Pesto Soup: Place 4 C raw spinach or spinach-like greens in pot. Mix with 2 Tbsp oil, 16 basil leaves (or more), 1/2 C walnuts, 1/8 tsp pepper, 1 clove garlic, 1/4 tsp anise seed, 2 cooked potatoes, 2-3 C chicken broth. Simmer 15 min. Blend until smooth. Serve with Parmesan cheese. Makes 4 first courses or 2 main dishes. If the chicken broth has salt, you won't need to add more. If you like creamed soups, use just one cup of chicken broth or water to simmer ingredients. When spinach is tender, add enough milk to allow the mixture to puree well in the blender. Reheat after blending.

    America Spinach: AAS winner in 1952. Dark green leaves similar to Bloomsdale, but will take a little more heat and needs less moisture. Sow in spring in long-day areas. 125 seeds

    Bloomsdale Spinach: 39-60 days. Standard, dependable variety of spinach has been around for many years (pre-1908 heirloom). Sow early for heavy yields. You can extend your spinach harvesting all summer by planting New Zealand or Malabar spinach (below) or amaranth (in the flowers section). 250 seeds

    Heat tolerant spinach-like greens:
    The plants listed below will all produce greens in hot weather. Extend your greens growing season by buying some of the spinach above and some of the greens below for nutritious leafy veggies all summer.

    Amaranth Tricolor Splendens / Joseph's Coat Amaranth / Summer Poinsettia / Chinese Spinach: This is one vegetable you can plant in your front yard! Beautiful edible ornamental with brilliant red, yellow and green leaves. The leaves are cooked like spinach and tops of stems served like asperagus. Grows 3 ft tall. The early Spanish settlers tried to destroy amaranth in Mexico because the seeds were often used in non-Christian ceremonies. 200-300 seeds

    Melokhiya / Mazzocchi / Egyptian Spinach: (Corchorus olitorius) Not really a spinach. This deep green leafy vegetable is from Egypt, so it does very well in hot weather. Traditionally eaten in chicken soup in Egypt. Eat young leaves in salads, mixing just a few leaves with other greens. Hang the branches to dry to preserve them for winter soups and stews. Mild flavor. Grows to 5 ft.

    New Zealand Spinach: View photo
    50-70 days. Also called Perpetual Spinach (not the same as perpetual chard spinach beet). This is not a true spinach, but it tastes similar and has the virtue of not minding hot weather, so you can have "spinach" all summer. Heirloom brought to Europe by Captain Cook in the 1770s. Self sows in California. For cooking, not for salads. 25 seeds

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    Squash

    Summer squash and winter squash are listed here. To go to Pumpkin section, please click here.

    Squash blossoms (free soup recipe with order, if you request it): The flowers of all the squash I sell are edible, as are all Cucurbita maxima, mixta, moshata and pepo. The stickers will soften when cooked. Saute gently in butter. Request a free chicken squash blossom soup recipe with any squash or pumpkin order.

    Summer Squash

    Click here for Winter Squash

    RECIPE: Skyfire summer squash Slice summer squash 1/2 inch thick. Fry one side in butter or olive oil until golden. Turn. Place a very thin slice of tomato on top, then sprinkle with parmesan cheese. Cover the pan and cook until the squash is just soft. Any summer squash will work fine, but Tromboncino is especially nice with this recipe. Surprisingly good for such a simple recipe.

    *Summer Squash Mix: A colorful mix of white scallop, yellow crookneck or straight-neck, and at least two zucchinis. Nice mix of colors and shapes. 40 seeds

    Caserta, a cocozelle summer squash: Back for 2011. 50-57 days. AAS winner from 1949. Prolific, early cocozelle has light skin with dark green stripes. Bush plants. Pick when 4-6 inches. From the University of Connecticut. Excellent flavor. Some gardeners use it to attract insect pests away from other squash. 20 seeds

    Early Yellow Summer Crookneck Squash: 42-60 days. Early version of yellow crookneck summer squash. Pick at 5-6 inches. Mild flavor. Introduced in 1900. 40 seeds

    Lagenaria / Cucuzzi / Zuchetta: 90 days. Great hot weather zucchini substitute. This is actually a gourd that is delicious when 6-18 inches long. Huge plants produce later than regular summer squash to extend your season. Vines can be 15 feet but will drape themselves on a 5 foot fence and crawl on the ground. Three plants should be plenty for a small family, as once they get going, they are very productive. One of the few plants that produced food in our record-setting heat of 2011 and also in 2012! Needs a long season, so may not be good in the far north, but in the middle of the U.S. you can get an earlier crop by starting them in pots in the greenhouse or a sunny window. 15 seeds

    Lemon Squash, organic: Pretty globe-shaped yellow squash about the size of a lemon. Small vines take up little space. This tasty heirloom is easy to grow and tolerates heat. Grown in Kansas. 25 seeds

    Pallison or Patisson Juane et Verte Summer Squash: 55-70 days. Absolutely beautiful yellow-beige and green striped squash! This nice French heirloom can be used as a pale scalloped summer squash but can mature to a striped winter squash for baking or a fine ornamental squash for fall decorations. I'm not sure of the exact spelling. Patty-pan shape. 35 seeds

    Prolific Straightneck Squash: 50 days. AAS winner from 1938 and still popular. Lemon yellow squash. Use just like yellow crookneck. Pick when 5-6 inches long for best quality. 35 seeds

    Early White Bush Scallop Squash: 47-65 days. Very popular white patty pan, so early it just might beat the squash bugs! Fine-flavored summer squash. 50 seeds

    Trombone Squash or Tromboncino Summer Squash: Looks like a trombone. Very long, thin summer squash with a bulb at the end. Straight if grown on a trellis, but curved if grown on the ground. Use like a zucchini, but it has much more flavor. One of my favorites. This is a C. moschata. 12 seeds

    Black Beauty Zucchini: 44-64 days. First introduced in the 1920s, this very productive, everbearing plant produces dark green-black zucchinis with fine flavor. Best when 6-8 inches long. Popular variety. Bush plant. 40 seeds

    Round Zucchini: Pretty round version of the favorite green zucchini. Decorative and it adds a little variety to your meals. 40 seeds

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    Winter Squash

    See also Pumpkins: Most of my pumpkins were selected because they also make good pies. Some will store well, so they make good winter squash.
    Click here for pumpkins

    *Winter squash mix: A mix of 5 different winter squash. Different shapes and colors. Make a pretty cornucopia in the fall and a lot of vitamin A-rich squash and pies all winter. 25 seeds

    Acorn, Table Queen Bush Squash: View photo.
    Bush: 80-95 days One of the best table squashes. Hard dark green shell with ribs and yellow to orange flesh. Prolific winter squash can tolerate poor soil. Good keeper. 25 seeds.

    Anna Swartz Hubbard: 90-100 days. Heirloom given to Anna Swartz in the 1950s. This teardrop-shaped 5-8 pound squash has a great flavor--similar to sweet potatoes. The hard shell means it will store very well for use all winter. 12 seeds

    Banana, Pink Jumbo: 105 days. Submarine-shaped squash with pinkish orange skin to about 24 inches long. This is used a lot for pumpkin pies because of the excellent sweet, dry, fine-grained flesh. Wonderful storage qualities. Heirloom from around 1900. 25 seeds

    Blue Hubbard Squash: 110 days. Large (10x15"), roundish with a neck at both ends. Thick, very sweet, fine-grained, yellow-orange flesh. Great for pies. Very popular. Hard rind so it keeps well. 20 seeds

    Butternut Waltham Squash: 85-115 days. AAS winner. 3-6 lbs, high yields, stores well, yellow-orange flesh has nutty taste, very popular. Good keeper. 25 seeds

    Gold Nugget/Golden Nugget Squash: 75-95 days. AAS winner 1966. Compact plants have nearly round fruit weighing 1-3 pounds; just right for as small garden or small family. Sweet yellow-orange flesh is fiberless. Table squash. Stores well. Bred in Fargo, ND, so this squash should do well in the north. 25 seeds

    Lakota Squash: 85-105 days. Beautiful orange and green bicolor squash developed from an old Lakota Sioux variety. The 5-7 pound squash has fine-grained orange flesh with a nutty flavor. Very nice baked. Ornamental and delicious. 15 seeds

    Long Island Cheese: 108 days. Heirloom squash (1807) with tan skin and deep orange flesh. Some people list it as a pumpkin. Lightly ribbed and flattened like a wheel of cheese. The 6-10 pound squash was used for pies in New York and New Jersey a long time ago. Stores very well. 20 seeds

    Queensland Blue Squash: 115 days. Striking blue-grey color makes it great for decorations and excellent keeping qualities make it a good winter staple. About 8 pounds. Australian heirloom from 1932. 15 seeds

    Vegetable Spaghetti / Spaghetti Squash: 70-115 days. From Manchuria in 1890, this squash can be a low-cal pasta substitute. Just bake whole and scrape out the "spaghetti." Pick when the skin changes to tan and it will store up to 6 months. Very popular. 25 seeds

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    Swiss chard, also called Silverbeet

    Perpetual Spinach Beet or Leaf Beet: View photo
    50-60 days. Old European strain of chard. Leaves are deep green with white ribs. Transplant to the greenhouse in the fall and have greens all winter. Our favorite. Good flavor. Tolerates some frost. 100 seeds

    Rainbow Chard or Five Color Silverbeet: 60 days. This is the Australian Five Color Silverbeet. (Silverbeet is their term for chard.) Red, pink, yellow, orange and white center ribs of leaves are so pretty you might want them in the front of the flower garden. Easy to grow and delicious, healthy greens. 150 seeds

    Ruby Chard / Strawberry Chard (organic): 55-60 days. Also called Rhubarb Chard because of the very ornamental red stems. Leaves are crumpled dark green. Yields all summer. 250 seeds

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    Tomatoes

    Tomatoes are organized by color:
  • Packets of mixed tomato varities
  • Orange-Yellow
  • Pink-Purple
  • Red Paste
  • Red
  • The Other Colors (colors that don't fit the other categories, such as black, white or two-color varieties).
  • I grow 30 to 40 rare heirloom tomato varieties each year but only sell the ones that I feel are good quality.

    A note about tomatoes: Tomatoes usually prefer 70-85 degree days. Tomatoes don't usually set fruit very well in hot weather, but the ones that do are indicated in descriptions. The term "hot" is relative. By "hot" most people mean 85-95 degrees. That is what my plant descriptions refer to when they say a tomato does well in heat, unless it specifically says it does well in weather over 100 degrees. (There are very few. Flamenco, Santorini, Valley Girl, etc. Others may suit your climate better, so please read the descriptions.) If it is consistently over 100, then very few varieties of tomatoes will produce fruit until the weather cools down. When it does cool down, many varieties will began to set lots of fruit. Remember green tomatoes will often ripen in the house and can be used in recipes. In general, the smaller the fruit, the greater the chance that it will produce fruit at 95 to 100+ degrees. Small tomatoes, like cherries, still make good sauce. You might try early varieties that set fruit before the really hot weather hits.

    Determinate (DET) are shorter and often set just one batch of fruit, so they are good for canning and may produce early in the season or late if set out in July. Indeterminate (IND) are taller, need staking and will keep producing until frost. If you live where mid-summer temps average over 90, you could try pruning IND varieties that haven't set fruit and see if they set again in the early fall. You do not need full sun all day. Just 6 hours of full sun is adequate. Afternoon shade or mid-day shade might help in very hot climates. A four- to six-inch layer of light-colored mulch will help the soil stay cool. Water the roots, not the leaves. Do not over-fertilize--that will produce leaves rather than fruit. A KSU web site says over-fertilized plants fare the worst above 95 degrees.

    Tomato maturity dates: All dates are number of days from TRANSPLANT to first mature fruit and are affected by your climate and the quality of your seed starting medium.

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    Tomatoes: Mixed Colors and/or Varieties

    The asterisks (*) in the catalog indicate mixes of varieties.

    *Beefsteak mix: If you want a colorful garden of big tomatoes to show off, this might be the packet for you. Yellow/Orange, Pink, White and, of course, Red varieties. Most of these will be heirlooms. 30 seeds

    *Black Tomato Mix: A mix of at least 4 of the black tomatoes listed in the catalog. Sizes vary. If you have been nervous about trying "black" tomatoes, you might be surprized--they aren't really black, just purplish red with deep green/purple shoulders. 30 seeds

    *Brandywine Mix (organic):  A mix of the four Brandywine tomatoes in the catalog: Red, Pink, Yellow and Black. Nice selection to brighten up your dinners! 30 seeds

    *Cherry Tomato Mix: This is a mix of several different colors of the cherry tomatoes in the catalog and maybe a few surprises that aren't listed. 30 seeds

    *Fun Shapes Tomato Mix: Different shapes and sizes and colors, mostly heirlooms and some not offered in the regular catalog because I have very little seed of each variety. 30 seeds

    *Heat Tolerant Tomato Mix: A mixture of all the tomatoes I have that should set fruit at higher temperatures than most. Let me know how they do in your area. Different mix every year, but the best ones are always in the mix. 30 seeds

    *Heirloom Tomato Mix: Grow tomatoes in a wide variety of colors and sizes from only one packet of seed. These will really decorate a salad! 30 seeds

    *Red Heirloom Mix: Just red heirloom tomatoes, beefsteaks, canning tomatoes, etc. All medium to large size, no cherries. Special this year: 50 seeds per packet.

    *Orange-Yellow Tomato Mix: A mix of at least 4 of the yellow and orange tomatoes in the catalog. Sizes vary. If you have been nervous about trying yellow or orange tomatoes, this might be a good mix--you are sure to like at least one. 30 seeds

    *Paste Tomato Mix: A mix of 4 or more of the red paste tomatoes in the catalog. 30 seeds

    *Prolific Tomato Mix 2014: This is a mix of the most prolific of the tomatoes I have grown in Kansas. Different mix every year. Most of these are in the catalog separately. Red and yellow fruits of various sizes. 30 seeds

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    Orange Tomatoes and Yellow Tomatoes

    About Yellow Tomatoes: They tend to taste less acid than red tomatoes. The flavor is really nice both fresh and cooked. Don't be afraid to try something new. You won't be disappointed. If you aren't sure which one to choose, try the mix thiss year. You may be back for several of these delicious varieties next year.

    *Orange-Yellow Tomato Mix: A mix of at least 4 of the yellow and orange tomatoes in the catalog. Sizes vary. If you have been nervous about trying yellow or orange tomatoes, this might be a good mix--you are sure to like at least one. 30 seeds

    Amana Orange: 80-90 days, Indet. Orange 1-2 pound beefsteak tomatoes with mild flavor. Heirloom from Iowa. 30 seeds

    Amish Yellow: Pretty medium size yellow tomato, very productive, good taste. Grown in Kansas. 25 seeds

    Apelsin (organic): A big thanks to my friend Mandy for this one! Beautiful orange tomatoes on indet. plants. Originally from the Ukraine. Lots were ripe here in Kansas by July 12th from transplants May 21st. The most productive tomato of 2009 for me. Good flavor, too. Medium-sized beefsteak. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Brandywine Yellow / Yellow Brandywine: 80-100 days. IND. Very large, very good quality, but not for places with extreme temperature variation. Yellow version of the famous heirloom. Potato leaf. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Blondkopfchen (organic): View photo
    75-80 days. Pretty, sweet, yellow cherry tomato from Germany (Gatersleven). Produces huge crop in climates like MI, MN, WI, NY, but medium crop in intense heat of KS. Heirloom, IND, 5-6 ft tall, flowers form in large clusters. Organic, grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Dr. Carolyn (organic): Large cherry, very productive, lemon yellow, nice acid flavor if eaten almost ripe, mild flavor when fully ripe. Named after Dr. Carolyn Male (SSE member and author of book 100 Heirloom Tomatoes). Grown in Kansas. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Estonian Yellow (organic): Small round yellow tomato will tolerate some cold. Heirloom from Tallinn. Flowers in large clusters. Fruit won't crack. Russian heirloom. Grown in KS. 25 seeds

    Cherry, Golden Nugget: 55-70 days from transplant: DET. Large yellow cherry tomato on 24 inch plant. Prolific. Mild flavor. Developed by Dr. James Baggett at Oregon State University. 30 seeds

    Cherry: Hartman's Yellow Gooseberry: 75 days, indet. Large plant with very good production of large lemon yellow cherry tomatoes. Sweet, mild flavor. 30 seeds

    Djena Lee's Golden Girl: 80 days. An heirloom since 1929, originally grown by the Lee family in Minnesota. They say it won first prize at the Chicago Fair for 10 years in a row. IND. 30 seeds

    Earl of Edgecombe tomato (organic): 75 days. Beautiful bright orange 3" fruits. Heavy production in full sun, but mine did OK in partial shade. Very nice flavor. Popular New Zealand heirloom. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Gelbe Dattlwein (organic): View photo
    1" yellow pears, flowers in huge clusters, very productive heirloom from Germany. IND plant, about 5' tall. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Giant Belgium Yellow: 85-95 days. Indet. Heirloom from mid-late 1800s has golden yellow fruit with mild, low-acid taste. Smooth blossom end. Good yields of beautiful fruit. 30 seeds

    Isis Candy: 80 days. Indet. Low acid, sweet flavor. Creamy yellow-gold fruit. Named after an Egyptian goddess. Very productive. 30 seeds

    Jumbo Jim Orange (organic): 80 days. Beautiful orange beefsteak, productive if your days don't get over 90 often. Great flavor. 10-16 oz. Slightly pleated. One of my favorites. Has few seeds. Grown in KS. 25 seeds

    Kellogg's Breakfast: 80-90 days. IND. This West Virginia heirloom was developed by Darrell Kellogg. Lovely pale orange beefsteak with great flavor. Few seeds. Fruit can grown to 1-2 pounds in right conditions. 30 seeds

    Manyel: 80-90 days. Indet. This heirloom may be of Native American origin. Taste is outstanding--lemony rich, but not acidic. Fruit weighs 6 to 12 ounces and is a lovely yellow-gold. Wonderful flavor and prolific yield.

    Orange Mexico Midget: View photo
    Tiny orange tomato, smaller than a cherry, currant-sized, but prolific and with good flavor. Fun to snack on right in the garden or sprinkle on a salad. They do well in hot weather. 30 seeds

    Poma Amoris Minora Lutea (organic): View photo
    75 days. Small yellow tomato, very productive, originally from Hortus Botanicus, Padua, Italy, 1553. Primitive type shown in herbals. Nice flavor. Almost as small as a cherry tomato, but on plants 6-7 feet tall. Grown in KS. 25 seeds

    Romanian yellow (organic): Very productive when I lived in Los Angeles and also in Kansas. Very nice round orange fruit about 3", meaty, prolific, excellent flavor. Indet. regular leaf. I've been growing this since 1988. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    White Rabbit (organic): Tiny currant-sized yellow tomatoes on large indet. plants. Pretty plant with tomatoes growing in clusters. Grow by the garden gate for snacking or sprinkle over a salad. Very productive. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Woodle Orange Tomato: Sorry, out of stock! 75 days. Indet. Excellent production of baseball-sized golden globes with great rich complex flavor. This Iowa heirloom is a really high quality beefsteak tomato. 30 seeds


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    Pink Tomatoes and Purple Tomatoes

    A note about pink and purple tomatoes: Most of the tomatoes called "pink" or "purple" are more reddish with a slight pink or purple cast, so please don't expect pale pink or bright purple fruits. Expect great flavor though--some of the best heirlooms are pink.

    Anna Russian: 65-70 days. Indet. Russian heirloom with superb flavor. One-pound pink-red, heart-shaped fruit are very juicy. Wispy vines. 30 seeds

    Arkansas Traveler: 90 days. Indet. Not always a beauty, but taste is always fantastic. Heirloom beefsteak from the Ozarks, but adapted to many climates. Should grow anywhere beefsteaks thrive. 30 seeds

    Ballerina Pink (organic): Small egg-sized pink tomato from a Seed Savers Exchange member. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Brandywine Pink / Pink Brandywine (organic): 80-100 days from transplant. Pink version of the famous Amish heirloom. Fruit weighs 1/2 to 1 lb. Great taste. Potato leaf. 30 seeds

    Caspian Pink: 80 days from transplant; IND. This Russian heirloom is considered by some to taste even better than Brandywine. Fairly new in the US, it should gain popularity rapidly. 30 seeds

    Cherokee Purple: 75-85 days from transplant. Very popular pre-1890 heirloom, purplish-pinkish-brownish with heavy yields of large tomatoes, Mild but great flavor. Regular leaf. Probably originated in Tenn.

    Cherry, Valley Girl (organic): 70-75 days. Indet. Prolific, very sweet cherry tomato. Very productive. Will set fruit OK at over 100 degrees, but not as prolific as in normal weather. 30 seeds

    Eva Purple Ball (organic): 75-80 days from transplant. IND. Heirloom from Black Forest of Germany, late 1800s. Disease resistant 4-5 ounce tomato prefers heat and humidity. 30 seeds

    Giant Belgium Pink: 82-90 days from transplant: IND. Huge fruits average 1-2 pounds but occasionally weigh 5 pounds. Low acid, mild flavor and very sweet. They say it has a high enough sugar content that some people make wine from it. Humm? 30 seeds

    Lahman Pink (organic): 80-85 days. Indet. Meaty almost solid flesh with nice flavor, 3" fruit. IND. Good yield. Crack free. This Missouri heirloom from Grace Lahman has produced abundantly for people in CT, TN, IL and WI. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Madagascar: Small, sweet tomato. Nice size for salads. Noticably early for a tall plant. Indet, regular leaf. Fairly early for a tall plant--my earliest tomato in 2009. 30 seeds

    Mortgage Lifter: 82 days. Heirloom tomato from the 1930s. Dark pink tomatoes weigh 1 pound and are very meaty, with few seeds. This delicious tomato was so popular, the breeder paid off his farm in 6 years selling the plants. 30 seeds

    Nectar Rose (organic): View photo
    80 days. IND. Pretty 3-4 oz fruit makes great salad tomato. Very good taste. Heirloom. 30 seeds

    Omar's Lebanese: 70 days, Very productive heirloom in most climates. Meaty with rich flavor. From Lebanon. 30 seeds

    Pink Petticoat (organic): View photo
    80 days. Pretty, slightly pleated pink-red tomatoes. Medium size. IND. Sweet, nice flavor. Organic, grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Ponderosa Pink: 95 days. Indet. Extra-large pink beefsteak tomato, with fine low-acid flavor and few seeds. Very meaty. Usually 8-12 ounces, but can get up to a pound under the right conditions. Very productive. 30 seeds

    Porter (organic): Back in 2014! 75 days. There are at least two tomatoes named "Porter." This is a nearly-red, plum-shaped, plum-sized, meaty, heirloom tomato. Prolific, very drought- and heat-tolerant medium-sized plants. Reliable. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Purple Calabash (organic): View photo
    75-90 days. Unusual heirloom. Some people love the taste, some don't. Same for the looks. Purple-green-brown shoulders, medium-sized fruit, slightly pleated. Fairly good production if your climate isn't too hot. Grown in KS. 25 seeds

    Prudens Purple tomato / Prudence Purple tomato (organic):  70-80 days. One of the great heirlooms, 10-16 oz., beautiful dark pink skin, red flesh, ridged shape and delicious. No cracking. I should have started carrying this years ago. 30 seeds

    Rose: A deep rose-red color, usually smoother than Brandywine, and every bit as large and meaty. Normal-leaf plants. A doctor in Penn. was given seeds for this tomato by an Amish patient in the 60s. Excellent taste. 30 seeds

    Tiffen Mennonite:  75-85 days from transplant, IND. Heirloom round, dark pink, outstanding flavor, very productive, nice size for canning: can reach 4". Potato leaf. 30 seeds

    Togo Trefle (organic): 80 days. Very productive in heat and drought. Small tomato from Togo in West Africa. Pretty pink-red tomato with fruity taste. IND. Organic, grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

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    Red Paste Tomatoes

    RECIPE: Garlic Roasted Tomatoes: Mix 4-5 cloves finely minced garlic with 1/4 C olive oil. Slice 24 plum or paste tomatoes in half lengthwise. Place cut side up on cookie sheets. Put 1/4 tsp garlic oil on top of each. Sprinkle with a little salt, if you want. Bake 4 hours at 225. Serve on French bread or pasta. If you have fresh basil, sprinkle some finely chopped leaves over the tomatoes after baking. For an appetizer, serve on tiny bread rounds. Store any leftovers in the refrigerator.

    *Paste Tomato Mix: A mix of 4 or more of the red paste tomatoes in the catalog. 30 seeds

    Alley Cats (organic): New in 2014! 65 days. Very early, very productive, very dependable paste that ripens over 100 degrees. Lots of paste-size, longish, 2-3 oz fruits, with some variation in shape, hence name "Alley Cats." Developed by an Arkansas home gardener. Plant April 15 and harvest July 1 through Sept. 3-4 foot vines. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Amish Paste: 80 days. IND. Amish heirloom from Wisconsin, but originated in Lancaster, PA. Large, dark red fruits are acorn-shaped. 30 seeds

    Bearo (organic): View photo
    The virtue of this plant is that it can get 12-15 feet tall. I use it to shade the greenhouse. It produces red paste tomatoes over a long season, but it does not set well unless watered well. 30 seeds

    Ernie's Plump (organic): New in 2014! Grown in Kansas. 70-80 days. Nice plump, pear-shaped, meaty, rich flavor. Did well in Kansas in 2013. Big for a paste tomato. 30 seeds

    Olpaka: 85 days. Indet. Great yield of 3-5 inch red paste tomatoes. Polish heirloom was brought to the U.S. in the early 1900s. Good for salads or paste. Excellent flavor. Wispy vines. 30 seeds

    Red Sausage: 75-85 days from transplant: IND. Very prolific heirloom paste tomato with few seeds. Lovely sausage shape resembles a hot chili pepper. Roma type up to 6" long. Great for sauce or catsup. Good flavor. 30 seeds

    Rio Grande (organic): 75 days. Wonderful red paste tomato. High yield, great flavor, tolerates high temperatures, good for salads or canning. Originally from Italy. My best tomato of 2007. Grown in KS. One customer wrote that it "produced like crazy in the very high heat and humidity" of Virginia. 25 seeds

    Roma (organic): 78 days from transplant, det. One of the most popular for paste and sauces. 3" plum/pear shaped red fruits. 30 seeds

    Romeo and Juliette (organic): Prolific little red plum/pear shape. Very good paste tomato. IND. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Royal Chico (organic): View photo
    71 days from transplant. Determinate paste tomato with slightly pear-shaped fruits larger than Roma. Good leaf coverage. High yield. Becoming hard to find. Plants 2-3 feet tall. Organic, grown in Kansas. 25 seeds

    San Marzano bush: 75 days from transplant. This is the determinate variety, meaning it produces lots of tomatoes in a two week period so you have a shorter canning season. Same great flavor as other San Marzano tomatoes. 30 seeds

    Wuhib (organic): View photo
    80 days. Bright red plum-shaped 2x2.5" very productive, meaty, paste tomato. Grown in KS. 25 seeds

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    Red Tomatoes (red paste tomatoes are above)

    *Red Heirloom Mix: Just red heirloom tomatoes, beefsteaks, canning tomatoes, etc. All medium to large size, no cherries. 50 seeds per packet.

    Adelia (organic): View photo
    80 days. My best producer in 2006 in high heat (95 degrees) and drought. Average size, IND, good flavor. A seed collector found this old variety found in a jar in 1984. Good find! Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Alicante: 72 days from transplant. English heirloom that is broiled for breakfast and still stays firm. Heavy crop of excellent red fruit. 40 seeds

    Amish Canning (organic): 80 days. Roundish fruit just the right size for canning, but not productive in the Kansas heat (over 90 degrees). 30 seeds

    Arumugam's Tomato (organic): 80 days, IND. Nice little red tomato. Very productive in heat. Originally from a village in Tamil Nadu, India in 1997, where it is grown in the shade of banana trees. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Azteca 10 (organic): 80 days from transplant, good flavor, no cracking, no scalding, 8 to 10 ounce. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Beefsteak, Red (organic): 80 days from transplant: IND. This classic, large, red, meaty beefsteak tomato is also called Red Ponderosa or Crimson Cushion. Sometimes a little ribbed, the sub-acid fruit grow to 10 ounces or larger. 30 seeds

    Blaby Special (organic): Very popular, productive heirloom tomato originally from Leicester, England from 1900-1948. Preserved in a seedbank in Netherlands. Small fruit with nice flavor. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Bonny Best: 65-85 days from transplant: IND. 6-8 ounce round, meaty tomatoes. This heirloom will grow in almost any climate, but is especially good in the north. Eat fresh or can. Introduced in 1908. 50 seeds

    Borgo Cellano (organic): View photo
    85 days, IND. High yield even in a terrible year of heat and drought. Pretty cherry tomatoes are slightly elongated with a tiny point on blossom end. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Box Car Willie: 80 days from transplant: IND. This heirloom produces excellent yields of 10-16 ounce tomatoes for canning, freezing and fresh eating. Old-fashioned flavor and it resists cracking. 30 seeds

    Brandywine, Red / Red Brandywine (organic): 80-100 days from transplant: IND. This famous Amish heirloom is named for Brandywine creek in Chester County PA. Large indeterminate vines produce tomatoes over 8 ounces. Not for humid climates. 30 seeds

    Brazil (organic): 75 days. Very productive, 2 3/4", juicy. Great heirloom for salads. Grown in KS from seed originally obtained from a Seed Savers Exchange member. 30 seeds

    Break O'Day (organic): Round, medium size about 2 1/2", good taste, fairly early and productive. Plants not large: 4-5' tall. 25 seeds

    Burbank Self-Pruning and Early (organic): 79 days. Introduced by Luther Burbank in 1914s, the 2.5" round fruits have nice traditional tart taste. Indet 4' plants. Fairly productive heirloom. 30 seeds

    Burwood Prize (organic): Australian heirloom from about 1900 produced loads of 1.5" fruit in spite of mole damage to roots. Excellent flavor. Nice size for salads. One of my most productive. Grown in KS. 30 seeds.

    Calabacito Rojo (organic): Very good yield of large cherry tomatoes, slightly flattened and slightly ruffled. Good flavor. Very pretty. Did well in spite of very hot (95 degrees), dry summer. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Charlie Chaplin: 80 days. Indet. Beautiful medium-sized, bright red, deeply ridged fruit. Lovely flattened, ruffled shape makes gorgeous sliced tomates. Some are hollow, which makes a great stuffing tomato for tuna salad, etc. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Anait (organic): 70 days, very productive cherry tomato with a different, fruity flavor. Originally from Tasmania, Australia. No cracking. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Chadwick's (organic): 90 days. Indet. Excellent flavor and highly productive, which you would expect from any vegetable developed by the famous English horticulturalist Alan Chadwick. Grows in clusters of about 6 large cherry tomatoes. 25 seeds

    Cherry, Cleopatra (organic): 70 days. Indet. Nice large cherry tomato about 1.5 inches, bright red with fruity sweet-tart taste. Does very well in heat, even in our 100 degree heat of 2011. Plants not large, maybe 4 feet tall, so they won't take over. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Dukes (organic): 75 days. Extremely productive! Slightly flattened fruit about 1" diameter. Heirloom from Dukes family in central Georgia. Tolerates heat. Produced well in our over 100 degree heat of 2011, but the fruit was a little smaller than usual, about 3/4 inches across. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Fence Row (organic): View photo
    75-85 days. Productive cherry tomato, very popular with seed collectors. Found growing in a Paril, IL fence row in 1975. Sets heavily in a variety of climates. Good flavor. Organic, grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Grandpa's Minnesota Hardy (organic): View photo
    80 days. Very productive, IND. good flavor. From a Seed Savers Exchange member's father who grew it at least since 1959. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Mexico Midget Red (organic): Best cherry tomato of 2003! Actually more of a currant-size. Many thanks to Herb, a customer who sent me this seed. Prolific bearer of small red cherry tomatoes even in heat and drought. Plants are over 5 ft tall. Great flavor. Very small and pretty in salads or snack right in the garden. Organic, grown in Kansas. 30 seeds There is an orange variety in the Orange/Yellow Tomatoes section above.

    Cherry, Pelican (organic): View photo
    80-90 days. Produces lots of red cherry tomatoes on a vine about 3 ft tall. Good, sweet flavor. Tolerates drought and some heat. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Riesentraube (organic): 70 days from transplant: IND. This German heirloom was grown by the Pennsylvania Dutch as early as 1850. Name means "giant bunch of grapes" and it does produce large clusters cherry tomatoes. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Sugar Lump: 65-75 days from transplant: IND. This heirloom from the 1800s really earns its name. The very sweet, deep red cherry tomatoes form in clusters of 6-12 fruits. 30 seeds

    Cherry, Veracruzano (organic): About 1/2" diameter currant type on 5-6' plants from Teziutlan. Very productive. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    College Challenger (organic): View photo
    75 days, productive, round, med size, ripens well indoors, good taste. Very heat tolerant. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Coustralee: 75-85 days from transplant. IND. Very productive French heirloom beefsteak that can grow up to 2 pounds. 30 seeds

    Creole: 75-80 days from transplant. IND. Bred in Louisiana for hot, humid climates. High yield of good-quality, medium-size fruit. 30 seeds

    Czech Select (organic): Seems to produce well in heat, medium size. Grown in KS. 25 seeds

    Delicious: 77 days. Indet. Set a world's record for size at 6.5 pounds! This smooth red fruit will usually weigh around a pound and rarely cracks. Read up on how to grow tomatoes and maybe you will get a winner, too. 30 seeds

    Druzba tomato: 75-90 days from transplant. Bulgarian heirloom with name that means friendship. Red tomato with pinkish shoulders. Sweet tart flavor. About 4" nearly round. 30 seeds

    Ethyl Watkin's Finest/Best (organic): 70-75 days, indet.. compact regular leaf plants, good for growing in containers. This round medium to smallish, drought resistant, Australian tomato sets well in heat. Grown in KS. 30 days

    Firesteel (organic): 70-80 days. Good yield of round, red, 6-8 oz tomatoes with good flavor. Usually does well in 95 heat and drought, without cracking. Was a commercial variety in the 1930s. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Fireworks (organic): 60-70 days from transplant. Wonderful 6-12 ounce tomato from Peter's Seed and Research. Determinate. Average productivity in our over-90-degree summers. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Flamenco (organic): View photo
    65 days. Very prolific through 100 degree heat and drought, but can also take cold weather. This tomato is salad-sized, flattened, acid, with great flavor. It is new tomato was bred by Seed and Light International in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The plant is covered with small, delicious fruit even in heat. Leaves are "carrot-like" finely divided. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Floradade or Flora-Dade: 75-80 days. DET. Developed by the Univ. of Florida in the 70s, this red tomato thrives in the south, but does well in other areas. Fruit is 5-7 ounces and can produce well in 90-100 degree heat and humidity. Disease resistant. 30 seeds

    Gezahnte (organic): Pleated, pear-shaped red heirloom tomato from Basel, Switzerland. The name means "toothed." Fruit is 3-4 inches long and slices are almost star-shaped and really lovely. Very productive even in heat. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Godlove (organic): 80 days. Oval/plum shape. Productive in heat. Heirloom from Risdon and Opal Godlove of Ada, KS, who called them "Heck" tomatoes because they got them from Mrs. Heck. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Granny Cantrell (organic): 80 days. Indet. Family heirloom originally grown by Lettie Cantrell in Kentucky. She got them from a soldier after WWII. Good taste and good yields. Seed savers in AL, IL, KY, MI, NY, OH, and WI love them. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Homestead: 82 days. Semi-Det. Meaty, medium-sized red fruits. Plants have great leaf cover for protecting fruit from sun. Resists cracking and Fusarium wilt. 30 seeds

    Immune (organic): 65 days. Small plants (2') might do well in large pots. Round with some blight resistance. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Kremlin Chiming Clock (organic): 80 days. indet. Big beefsteak (about 20 ounce max.) that can be very productive if weather isn't over 90 degrees too often. Good flavor, but the name is what makes it fun. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Manalucie: 75-95 days from transplant: IND. Deep red 6-8 ounce heirloom tomato is resistant to cracking and if picked pink, will ripen slowly, so you can have home-grown tomatoes after frost. Sets well in heat and humidity. Disease resistant. 30 seeds

    Matina (organic): 60 days. German heirloom tomato, very early, loaded with 2-4 oz round red fruit with terrific flavor. Potato leaf. 30 seeds

    Memory to Vavilov (organic): 65 days. Compact plant with 1.5-2" fruit, det. Heirloom named after famous Russian plant scientist. Probably would do well in pots. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Millet's Dakota (organic): Sorry, out of stock for 2014. View photo
    75 days. Very, very productive with very good flavor. Easy to peel. Meaty, nice size for canning. Listed in Oscar Will's Seed Annual 1934 as hardiest and most drought resistant. Developed in North Dakota. 30 seeds

    Moneymaker: 75-80 days. This 4-ounce round tomato sets in any weather. Reliable old English greenhouse tomato adapted to high humidity, but produced very well for me years ago in Southern California. IND. Good old-fashioned tomato. 30 seeds

    Mule Team: 78 days from transplant: IND. The 8-10 ounce fruit have a slight tang. The name comes from the ability to withstand disease and tolerate drought. Good yield of meaty, red fruits. 30 seeds

    My Maryland Select (organic): Grown in Kansas. 80 days. Indet. Oblate 6-12 oz. Fruit, blemish free, fine flavor, good producer. An heirloom that did well in 2013 in spite of cold spring and hot summer. 30 seeds

    Olomovic: 82 days from transplant: IND. This medium sized red tomato set fruit even in 95 degree heat. Bred in Czechoslovakia by Milan Sodomka. Does well in the North and Midwest. May crack but that shouldn't reduce its value in the home garden in hot areas. 30 seeds

    Peron Sprayless: 70 days from transplant. DET. Bush plants produce lots of 10 ounce deep red, round fruit with no pesticides. Originated in Greece. Very high vitamin C. 30 seeds

    Polish Linguisa: 73 days from transplant: IND. This heirloom from the 1800s was actually developed in New York. Very sweet, delicious, slightly pear-shaped 7-10 ounce fruit on a disease tolerant plant. 30 seeds

    Pomodori a Grappiolo d'Inverno (organic): View photo
    80 days. 100 year old Italian variety. Name translates as "winter grapes" and they were bred to uproot the whole plant to hang upside down to ripen slowly for winter keeping. Small plum. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Porter Improved/Porter's Pride: 65-78 days. Another tomato for heat and drought conditions. High yields in high temperatures and low humidity. Fruits average 4 ounces. Tolerates Alternaria Stem Canker, Verticillium, and Fusarium Race 1. 30 seeds

    Principe Borghese: 70-75 days from transplant: DET. This Italian heirloom is the one to grow for sun-dried tomatoes. The 1-2 ounce, meaty, plum to round fruits grow in clusters. Prolific. Won't split. 30 seeds

    Prue (organic): 75-85 days. Very good flavor in a sauce or juice tomato. Fairly good yield. Sightly elongated. From a Mr. Prue who grew these in the 1940s. 25 seeds

    Red Fig (organic): 85 days. Small pear-shaped, with neck more slender than Red Pear and slightly yellowish tint. Heirloom documented to 1805 in Album Vilmorin. Mild flavor. 30 seeds

    Riesetomate aka Voyage (sometimes Riese tomate or Reise tomate) (organic): View photo
    80 days. Strange, very strange. It looks like a fused cluster of cherry tomatoes, but is really one medium-large fruit. Don't even think about peeling it! Pull the lobes apart and eat like cherry tomatoes. Very productive German heirloom. "Reise" is the German word for "travel" or "trip" or "journey." Organic, KS. 30 seeds

    Rutgers: 75-100 days from transplant: indet. Dependable, crack-free 6-12 ounce tomato developed by at the NJ Ag. Exp. Station from an old Campbell's variety in 1928 and improved in 1940. Plants are widely adapted and always a favorite because of its great flavor. Good for canning and eating fresh. If you are looking for an old-fashioned, standard, dependable red tomato, this is it. 30 seeds

    San Francisco Fog (organic): View photo
    75 days. Bred for warm days and cool nights of San Francisco Bay area. Red 2" round tasty fruit, productive. Grown in KS. 25 seeds

    Santorini (organic): Wow! Prolific through 95 degree heat and drought, good production of smaller fruit at 100-105 degrees. This flattened, slightly scalloped, red, 4 oz tomato has that old time flavor that you expect from an heirloom. IND plants get about 5 ft tall. My best salad tomato of 2002 and 2003. One of the few that produced in the intense heat of 2011. Organic, grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Siberian: 48-60 days from transplant: DET. Yes, it is early! As the name might imply, it tolerates cold weather and is popular in short season areas. Tolerates shade. I suspect in hot summer areas, you might get a crop of these 3-5 ounce fruit before the heat arrives. 30 seeds

    Stone (organic): New in 2014! 80 days. Does well in heat. Old Livingston Seed Company heirloom, saved by Alan Jones. Should do well in heat over 95, because it grew well for a friend in Arkansas with a little afternoon shade in the very hot summer of 2012. It did well here in Kansas at 90-95. Meat, very nice taste. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Super Sioux: 70-80 days from transplant: IND. This prolific heirloom sets fruit in hot weather. Red, medium-sized tomato with old-fashioned flavor and good leaf cover to protect from sun. Crack resistant. 30 seeds

    Thessaloniki: 70-80 days from transplant. IND. Greek tomato introduced to the US in 1950s. Round, 4-6 oz. fruit, resists sunburn and cracking. Heavy production (in CT, OH, MI, TN, WI), tart-sweet taste. 30 seeds

    Trip-L-Crop / Climbing Trip-L-Crop: 90 days. Indet. Large vines can climb to 25 feet! Can produce up to 2 bushels of meaty red 6 inch red fruit per plant. Excellent slicing or canning tomato. 30 seeds

    Trophy (organic): View photo
    80 days. indet. This 1870 heirloom earns its name for productivity. Med size fruit, round. Shaker variety from the USDA collection. Tasty and lots of fruit in spite of 95 degree heat. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Ukranian Poet (organic): 85 days, indet., 6' vines, regular leaf, beautiful 2.5" red pointed fruit with mild taste. For mid-to late season crop. Russian heirloom with a fun name. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Variegates/Variegated tomato: The leaves are variegated with makes this a pretty plant and it can get up to 12 feet tall. Leaves are not as variegated in very hot weather (95 degrees) like we have in Kansas. Fruit is medium sized and plain red. A dramatic addition to your garden. 25 seeds

    Wes (organic): View photo
    85 days. Large red tomatoes, 10 oz. to 1.5 pounds on indeterminate vines. High yield in moderate climates (IL, NY, WI), tolerable yield in 95 degree heat. Very good flavor. Organic, grown in Kansas. 25 seeds

    Back to list of tomato color, or Tomato table of contents
    Back to whole catalog Table of Contents

    The Other Colors of Tomatoes: Bi-colors, Stripes, White, Black

    *Black Tomato Mix: A mix of at least 4 of the black tomatoes listed in the catalog. Sizes vary. If you have been nervous about trying "black" tomatoes, you might be surprized--they aren't really black, just purplish with deep green/purple shoulders. Many heirloom tomato collectors think the black tomatoes have the best flavor. 30 seeds

    Berkeley Tie-Dye (organic): 80-85 days. Odd-shaped beefsteak, very pretty, mostly green with red stripes. I think the slices are pretty, but the green color turns non-heirloom-lovers off. Fair yield. Large plants so provide good support. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Big Rainbow: 85 days from transplant. IND. Very large (4.5" diameter) orange and red fruit. Heirloom, low-acid, delicious flavor. 30 seeds

    Black Cherry: 70 days. Indet. Beautiful mahogany cherry tomato with the outstanding flavor you expect of varieties descended from Russian tomatoes. Very productive plants with fruit in clusters. Tolerates heat. 30 seeds

    Black from Tula: 75-85 days. Indet. This Russian heirloom weighs 8-12 ounces and is brown-purple with green shoulders. Rich flavor. Sets well in hot weather. Has been called one of the ugliest and best-tasting tomatoes in the world. 30 seeds

    Black Krim (organic): 69-90 days from transplant: IND. This 8-12 ounce red-purple skinned heirloom is a winner in taste trials. Flesh has a red-green tint. Russian heirloom. 30 seeds

    Black Plum (organic): 80-85 days. Russian, 1.5 oz., small plum with dark stem end, prolific, good keeper. Popular heirloom. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Black Prince (organic): 70-90 days. Indet. This Russian heirloom is reddish-burgundy and medium sized, but very productive. Shoulders have a touch of green. Very tasty. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Black Truffle: 75 days, Indet. Lovely 6-8 ounce heirloom tomato is pear-shaped and burgundy with purple-black undertones. Rich flavor has both sugar and acid. For slicing or salads. Pretty addition to your heirloom garden. 30 seeds

    Brandywine Black / Black Brandywine (organic): 80-100 days from transplant. Black-maroon version of the famous Amish heirloom. Fruit weighs 12 to 16 ounces. Great taste. Potato leaf. 30 seeds

    Brown Berry cherry tomato: 70-80 days. IND. Good yield of brownish-brick-red large cherry fruit with excellent sweet fruity flavor. Slight acid. Good to wonderful flavor. Fun color, nice for decorating salads. 30 seeds

    Dark Rose (organic): Indet. mild, sweet flavor with some tartness, pinkish black, beefsteak. At least 5" tall. Fairly good yield, but Kansas weather is too hot for most beefsteaks, so it may do better in other states. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    De Barao Black (organic): 75-85 days from transplant, IND. Very productive! Heirloom from Moldavia. Small tomatoes (2") make great sauce. Dark shoulders with red blossom end. Flavor is somewhat sweet. Grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    German Johnson: 80 days. Indet. Potato-leaf vines with mild-tasting pink tomatoes with yellow shoulders. This heirloom originated in the South. Sometimes listed as a pink tomato. Nice beefsteak tomato. 30 seeds

    Hillbilly / West Virginia Hillbilly: 85 days from transplant: IND. Huge, multicolored heirloom is yellow-orange with red streaks and low acid. Beefsteak type with 1-2 lb fruit. 30 seeds

    Japanese Trifele Black: 80 days. Indet. Beautiful, flavorful fruit is pear-shaped with reddish-black skin and green shoulders. Japanese heirloom. Potato leaf. 25 seeds

    Mr. Stripey: 80-90 days. Indet. English heirloom has meaty yellow and pink flesh. Highly productive with good flavor. Low acid beefsteak. 30 seeds

    Oaxacan Jewel: 75-100 days, Indet. This lovely Mexican heirloom has yellow-orange fruit with red streaks and a sweet, fruity flavor. Large beefsteak with few seeds, ripens well indoors. Worth growing. 30 seeds

    Paul Robeson/Pol Robeson: 75 days, Indet. This popular Russian heirloom originated in Siberia, so sets seed at low temps. Large, 4" roundish fruit is dark reddish-brown with green shoulders. Nice earthy flavor. 30 seeds

    Rose Beauty (organic): 90 days. Kentucky heirloom grown by John Rose on Happy Top Mountain in 1920s. Huge yellow-cream fruit with pink blush. Sets well after very hot weather over in KS or all summer in KY, IL or MI. Nice mild flavor, very pretty. Organic, grown in Kansas. 30 seeds

    Texas Star (organic): 75 days. Large yellow beafsteak about 1 pound, with red streaks. Looks just like Oaxaxan Jewel. Nice mild flavor with few seeds. Grown in KS. 30 seeds

    Zapotec Oaxacan Ribbed: 80-90 days. Indet. A new favorite among Heirloom Tomato people, but probably not an heirloom itself. Pretty pleated variety makes nice sliced or stuffing tomatoes. Something different! Possibly a result of combining Zapotec Pink Pleated and Oaxacan Jewel Mexican heirlooms, as it is pink with a yellow blush. They tend to be hollow, so are often stuffed with egg salad, tuna salad, chicken salad, etc. 30 seeds

    Back to Table of Contents

    Turnip

    *Turnip mix: A mix of all root-forming the turnips in the catalog.

    Golden Ball: 38-70 days. 3-4 inch yellow, mild flavor somewhat like a rutabaga. Good mashed. Excellent variety for home gardens. Pre 1859 heirloom. 1000 seeds

    Purple Top White Globe: 55 days. The most popular turnip, it has been around since at least 1880. It grows to 5-6 inches in diameter. The young leaves are good greens and the sweet, fine-grained root stores well. 1000 seeds

    Shogoin: 60 days. Versatile vegetable can be used for greens at 30 days or white roots at 60-70 days. Harvest when 4-5 inches across. 1000 seeds

    Seven top / Southern Prize Turnip Greens: 30-50 days. This turnip is just for greens. Tops are broad and tender. Very high in nutrients. Pre-1880 heirloom often grown in the winter in the South. Baby greens are the best tasting. 1000 seeds

    Back to Table of Contents

    Watermelon

    *Watermelon mix: A mix of 4 to 5 of the watermelons in the catalog. A nice mix of different colors and sizes. 20 seeds

    Congo: AAS winner in 1950. Dark green, tough rind, very sweet, about 30-40 pounds. Developed for the South and Florida. 30 seeds

    Crimson Sweet / Green and White Ruby: 80-95 days. AAS winner 1964. Red flesh, high sugar, small seeds, green striped rind, 10x12 inches, 25 lbs. Probably the most popular watermelon in US. 25 seeds

    Desert King: 85 days. Needs less water than most watermelons, hence the name. Pretty light green rind with nice very sweet yellow flesh. Rind is medium thickness. This one can stay on the vine for a month after it first ripens and still be good. 30 seeds

    Georgia Rattlesnake: 90 days. This Southern heirloom was developed in the 1830s. The 25-30 pound melon will grow in the North, too. Flesh is sweet and red. Named for the rattlesnake-liked stripes. 25 seeds

    Moon & Stars Watermelon RED: 95-100 days. Famous heirloom from Missouri has large fruit with dark green skin and a few large yellow spots (moons) and lots of tiny ones (stars). 20 Seeds

    Mountain Hoosier Watermelon: Heirloom from before 1937. Very sweet, up to 80 pounds. Bright red flesh. Very productive. 20 seeds

    Orange Flesh Tendersweet Watermelon: Long, green striped rind with deep orange flesh. 35-40 pounds. White seed with black tip. 20 seeds

    Ordering information

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    Skyfire Garden Seeds
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    Salina, KS 67401
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    *A note about the asterisks: The asterisks(*) preceding names of packets mean that they are mixes of several interesting, and often colorful, varieties of vegetables or flowers.


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